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  1. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are a family of transcription factors involved in varied and diverse processes such as steroidogenesis, angiogenesis, tissue remodeling, cell cycle, apop...

    Authors: Carolyn M Komar

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:41

    Content type: Review

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  2. Human cervical ripening is an inflammatory process. In labour at term the mRNA-levels and protein concentrations for interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8 in cervix significantly increase. The aim of this study was to...

    Authors: Susanne Abelin Törnblom, Aurelija Klimaviciute, Birgitta Byström, Milan Chromek, Annelie Brauner and Gunvor Ekman-Ordeberg

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:39

    Content type: Research

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  3. Nourishing "Yin"-Removing "Fire" Chinese Herb Mixture, a traditional herb-based formulation, has been successfully used for the management of idiopathic true precocious puberty (IPP) for more than thirty years...

    Authors: Zhanzhuang Tian, Hong Zhao, Yan Sun, Depei Cai and Boying Chen

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:38

    Content type: Research

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  4. Although 11-ketotestosterone is a potent androgen and induces male secondary sex characteristics in many teleosts, androgen receptors with high binding affinity for 11-ketotestosterone or preferential activati...

    Authors: Per-Erik Olsson, A Håkan Berg, Jonas von Hofsten, Birgitta Grahn, Anna Hellqvist, Anders Larsson, Johnny Karlsson, Carina Modig, Bertil Borg and Peter Thomas

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:37

    Content type: Research

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  5. Polycystic ovaries (PCO) and their clinical expression (the polycystic ovary syndrome [PCOS]) as well as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are common medical conditions linked through insulin resistance. We stud...

    Authors: Abdul H Zargar, Vipin K Gupta, Arshad I Wani, Shariq R Masoodi, Mir I Bashir, Bashir A Laway, Mohammad A Ganie and Mohammad Salahuddin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:35

    Content type: Research

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  6. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) mediates diverse functions in bone marrow-derived phagocytes, including phagocytosis and microbe destruction. This cytokine has also been detected at implantation sites under both ...

    Authors: Andréa Albieri, Mara S Hoshida, Sonia M Gagioti, Eduardo C Leanza, Ises Abrahamsohn, Anne Croy, Ali A Ashkar and Estela Bevilacqua

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:34

    Content type: Research

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  7. Preterm birth is the primary cause of the neonatal mortality and morbidity. There will be no preterm birth without a cervical softening. Nitric oxide (NO) is shown to be a mediator of term cervical ripening. T...

    Authors: Susanne Abelin Törnblom, Holger Maul, Aurelija Klimaviciute, Robert E Garfield, Birgitta Byström, Anders Malmström and Gunvor Ekman-Ordeberg

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:33

    Content type: Research

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  8. While transmission ratio distortion, TRD, (a deviation from Mendelian ratio) is extensive in humans and well-documented in mice, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Our earlier studies on carriers of sponta...

    Authors: Patricia A Martin-DeLeon, Hong Zhang, Carlos R Morales, Yutong Zhao, Michelle Rulon, Barry L Barnoski, Hong Chen and Deni S Galileo

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:32

    Content type: Research

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  9. The effects of ovarian drilling on the serum levels of gonadotropins and androgens have been studied previously. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of ovarian drilling on the serum prolactin leve...

    Authors: Mohammad E Parsanezhad, Saeed Alborzi, Jaleh Zolghadril, Maryam Parsa-Nezhad, Gholamreza Keshavarzi, Gholamhossein R Omrani and Ernst H Schmidt

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:31

    Content type: Research

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  10. 17alpha-Estradiol has been considered as the hormonally inactive isomer of 17beta-estradiol. Recently, nongenomic (smooth muscle relaxation) and genomic (light estrogenic activity) effects of 17alpha-estradiol...

    Authors: Mercedes Perusquía and Erika Navarrete

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:30

    Content type: Research

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  11. Camelids are induced (reflex) ovulators. We have recently documented the presence of an ovulation-inducing factor (OIF) in the seminal plasma of alpacas and llamas. The objective was to test the hypothesis tha...

    Authors: Marcelo H Ratto, Wilfredo Huanca, Jaswant Singh and Gregg P Adams

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:29

    Content type: Research

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  12. In a healthy body, ROS (reactive oxygen species) and antioxidants remain in balance. When the balance is disrupted towards an overabundance of ROS, oxidative stress (OS) occurs. OS influences the entire reprod...

    Authors: Ashok Agarwal, Sajal Gupta and Rakesh K Sharma

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:28

    Content type: Review

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  13. Adequate maternal nutrition during gestation is requisite for fetal nutrition and development. While a large group of epidemiological studies indicate poor fetal nutrition increases heart disease risk and mort...

    Authors: Jeffrey S Gilbert, Alvin L Lang and Mark J Nijland

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:27

    Content type: Research

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  14. A growing body of evidence suggests that the interleukin-1 system is involved in periovulatory events. Previous work from our lab demonstrated that in the mare, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) increases the ovula...

    Authors: Maud Caillaud, Guy Duchamp and Nadine Gérard

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:26

    Content type: Research

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  15. Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is released from placental trophoblasts and is involved in establishing pregnancy by maintaining progesterone secretion from the corpus luteum. Serum hCG is detected in the ...

    Authors: Subhasis Banerjee, Alan Smallwood, Anne E Chambers, Aris Papageorghiou, Hugues Loosfelt, Kevin Spencer, Stuart Campbell and Kypros Nicolaides

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:25

    Content type: Research

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  16. Independently of the fetal death cause the beginning and course of stillbirth is closely related with the growing cytotoxic activity at the maternal-fetal interface. RCAS1 participates in the inhibition of mat...

    Authors: Lukasz Wicherek, Marek Klimek, Artur Czekierdowski, Tadeusz J Popiela, Krystyna Galazka, Tomasz Tetlak, Andrzej Gilowski and Magdalena Dutsch-Wicherek

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:24

    Content type: Research

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  17. The objective of this study was to identify substantially increased proteins in bovine cystic follicular fluid (FF) in order to clarify the pathology and etiology of bovine ovarian follicular cysts (BOFC).

    Authors: Jiro Maniwa, Shunsuke Izumi, Naoki Isobe and Takato Terada

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:23

    Content type: Research

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  18. TGF beta and its receptors are present in both germ cells and somatic cells of the male gonad. However, knock-out strategies for studying spermatogenesis regulation by TGF beta have been disappointing since TG...

    Authors: Anne Damestoy, Marie-Hélène Perrard, Michèle Vigier, Odile Sabido and Philippe Durand

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  19. Estradiol valerate (EV)-induced polycystic ovaries (PCO) in rats is associated with an increase in ovarian sympathetic outflow. Low-frequency (2 Hz) electro-acupuncture (EA) has been shown to modulate sympathe...

    Authors: Luigi Manni, Thomas Lundeberg, Agneta Holmäng, Luigi Aloe and Elisabet Stener-Victorin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:21

    Content type: Research

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  20. During early rat pregnancy, trophoblast of the tiny embryo joins with the endometrium and epithelial cells undergo apoptosis. Near the end of pregnancy, regression of the decidua basalis (DB) is also observed ...

    Authors: Carl Shooner, Pierre-Luc Caron, Guylaine Fréchette-Frigon, Valérie Leblanc, Marie-Claude Déry and Eric Asselin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:20

    Content type: Research

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  21. Laminin (LN) is one of the most abundant extracellular matrix components of the basal lamina and granulosa cell layers of ovarian follicles. Culture of ovine granulosa cells (GC) on LN substratum induces cell ...

    Authors: Frédérique Le Bellego, Stéphane Fabre, Claudine Pisselet and Danielle Monniaux

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:19

    Content type: Research

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  22. Water homeostasis during fetal development is of crucial physiologic importance. It depends upon maternal fetal fluid exchange at the placenta and fetal membranes, and some exchange between fetus and amniotic ...

    Authors: Huishu Liu and E Marelyn Wintour

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:18

    Content type: Review

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  23. Ten years ago, we reported that in adult human females the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) is a source of germ cells. Recently, we also demonstrated that new primary follicles are formed by assembly of oocyte...

    Authors: Antonin Bukovsky, Marta Svetlikova and Michael R Caudle

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:17

    Content type: Research

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  24. Lepidium meyenii, known as Maca, grows exclusively in the Peruvian Andes over 4000 m altitude. It has been used traditionally to increase fertility. Previous scientific studies have demonstrated that Maca increas...

    Authors: Ana C Ruiz-Luna, Stephanie Salazar, Norma J Aspajo, Julio Rubio, Manuel Gasco and Gustavo F Gonzales

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:16

    Content type: Research

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  25. The diabetes (db/db) mutation in C57BL/KsJ mice promotes a progressive cytolipidemia within the endometrial epithelial (EE) layer of the female reproductive tract which results in premature cellular and organ ...

    Authors: David R Garris

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:15

    Content type: Research

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  26. Spontaneous germ cell death by apoptosis occurs during normal spermatogenesis in mammals and is thought to play a role in the physiological mechanism limiting the clonal expansion of such cell population in th...

    Authors: Fortunata Barone, Salvatore Aguanno and Angela D'Agostino

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:13

    Content type: Research

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  27. Computer-assisted analyses were used to examine ultrasound image attributes of human dominant ovarian follicles that developed during natural and oral contraceptive (OC) cycles. We hypothesized that image attr...

    Authors: Rebecca L Birtch, Angela R Baerwald, Olufemi A Olatunbosun and Roger A Pierson

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  28. In mouse ovaries, the enzyme 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) is distributed between microsomes and mitochondria. Throughout the follicular phase of the estrous cycle, the HSD activity in microsomes i...

    Authors: John C Chapman, Jose R Polanco, Soohong Min and Sandra D Michael

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:11

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  29. The importance of estrogen in regulation of fluid absorption and sperm maturation in the rodent epididymis has been established from studies on estrogen receptor-alpha knockout mice. However, functional studie...

    Authors: Deshpande Shayu, CS Chennakesava, Rama Soundarajan and A Jagannadha Rao

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:10

    Content type: Research

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  30. The paca is a South American rodent with potential as a commercial food animal. We examined paca placenta as part of a wider effort to understand the reproductive biology of this species.

    Authors: Marina Bonatelli, Anthony M Carter, Marcia R Fernandes Machado, Moacir F De Oliveira, Marcelo Cardoso de Lima and Maria Angelica Miglino

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:9

    Content type: Research

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  31. The non-thrombotic effects of thrombin in cardiovascular tissues, as mediated via the protease activated receptors (PARs), and particularly PAR-1, have been the focus of much recent research. The aims of this ...

    Authors: Aonghus J O'Loughlin, Crochan J O'Sullivan, Nandini Ravikumar, Anne M Friel, John T Elliott and John J Morrison

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:8

    Content type: Research

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  32. Embryo implantation plays a major role in embryogenesis and the outcome of pregnancy. Plasminogen activators (PAs) have been implicated in mammalian fertilization, early stages of development and embryo implan...

    Authors: Eliahu D Aflalo, Uriel A Sod-Moriah, Gad Potashnik and Iris Har-Vardi

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:7

    Content type: Research

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  33. Epidemiological studies have found that consumption of cruciferous vegetables is associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer. This effect seems to be due to aromatic glucosinolate content. Glucosinolates...

    Authors: Gustavo F Gonzales, Sara Miranda, Jessica Nieto, Gilma Fernández, Sandra Yucra, Julio Rubio, Pedro Yi and Manuel Gasco

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:5

    Content type: Research

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  34. To study the apoptosis and its mechanism at the fetal-maternal interface of early gestation, localization of apoptotic cells in the implantation sites of the rhesus monkey on day 17, 19, 28 and 34 of pregnancy...

    Authors: Peng Wei, Xuan Jin, Xue-Sen Zhang, Zhao-Yuan Hu, Chun-Sheng Han and Yi-Xun Liu

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:4

    Content type: Research

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  35. In the rat, the decidual tissue is an important component for maternal recognition of pregnancy. Decidualization can be induced by either the implantation of the blastocyst or by artificial stimuli. The proces...

    Authors: Eduardo A Callegari, Susan Ferguson-Gottschall and Geula Gibori

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:3

    Content type: Research

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  36. Gonadal steroids, in particular 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and 17 beta-estradiol (E2), have been shown to feed back on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis of the ranid frog. However, questions...

    Authors: Pei-San Tsai, Ann E Kessler, Jeremy T Jones and Kathleen B Wahr

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:2

    Content type: Research

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  37. Injury to the peritoneum during surgery is followed by a healing process that frequently results in the attachment of adjacent organs by a fibrous mass, referred commonly as adhesions. Because injuries to the ...

    Authors: Ujjwal K Rout, Ghassan M Saed and Michael P Diamond

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2005 3:1

    Content type: Research

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  38. Retinoids are recognized as important regulators of vertebrate development, cell differentiation, and tissue function. Previous studies, performed both in vivo and in vitro, indicate that retinoids influence s...

    Authors: Tracy Livingston, Dawn Eberhardt, J Lannett Edwards and James Godkin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:83

    Content type: Research

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  39. The association between infertility and sperm disomy is well documented. Results vary but most report that men with severely compromised semen parameters have a significantly elevated proportion of disomic spe...

    Authors: Helen G Tempest, Sheryl T Homa, Maria Dalakiouridou, Dimitra Christopikou, David Wright, Xiao P Zhai and Darren K Griffin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:82

    Content type: Research

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  40. Hyperandrogenic conditions have been associated with a high prevalence of endometrial pathologies related to cell survival. However, the action of androgens on proliferation and apoptosis in endometrial cells ...

    Authors: Manuel A Maliqueo, Susana Quezada, Marisa Clementi, Ketty Bacallao, Mabel Anido, Cecilia Johnson and Margarita Vega

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:81

    Content type: Research

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  41. 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) administration reportedly improves outcome for women with a previous spontaneous preterm delivery. This study, using in vitro strips of human uterine smooth muscle, a...

    Authors: Donal J Sexton, Michael W O'Reilly, Anne M Friel and John J Morrison

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:80

    Content type: Research

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  42. Little is known about how hormones interact in the photoperiodic induction of seasonal responses in birds. In this study, two experiments determined if the treatment with melatonin altered inhibitory effects o...

    Authors: Amit K Trivedi, Sangeeta Rani and Vinod Kumar

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:79

    Content type: Research

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  43. Recently, several members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily have been shown to be essential for regulating the growth and differentiation of ovarian follicles and thus fertility.

    Authors: Jennifer L Juengel, Adrian H Bibby, Karen L Reader, Stan Lun, Laurel D Quirke, Lisa J Haydon and Kenneth P McNatty

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:78

    Content type: Research

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  44. After fertilization, embryo development involves differentiation, as well as development of the fetal body and extra-embryonic tissues until the moment of implantation. During this period various cellular and ...

    Authors: Koichi Ushizawa, Chandana B Herath, Kanako Kaneyama, Satoshi Shiojima, Akira Hirasawa, Toru Takahashi, Kei Imai, Kazuhiko Ochiai, Tomoyuki Tokunaga, Yukio Tsunoda, Gozoh Tsujimoto and Kazuyoshi Hashizume

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:77

    Content type: Research

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  45. Implantation of the embryo and successful pregnancy are dependent on the differentiation of endometrial stromal cells into decidual cells. Female interleukin-11 receptor α (IL-11Rα) deficient mice are infertil...

    Authors: Christine A White, Lorraine Robb and Lois A Salamonsen

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:76

    Content type: Research

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  46. Cervical ripening is an inflammatory reaction. The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mediates glucocorticoid anti-inflammatory reactions, whereas nuclear factor (NF)kappaB is a key pro-inflammatory transcription fa...

    Authors: Ylva Stjernholm-Vladic, Denis Stygar, Christopher Mansson, Britt Masironi, Sonja Akerberg, Hong Wang, Gunvor Ekman-Ordeberg and Lena Sahlin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:74

    Content type: Research

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