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  1. Fractionation and characterization of gonadotropins (GtH) from Fundulus heteroclitus pituitary extracts were carried out using a biocompatible liquid chromatographic procedure (Pharmacia FPLC system). Chromatogra...

    Authors: Yu-Wai Peter Lin, Teresa R Petrino and Robin A Wallace

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:14

    Content type: Research

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  2. There is a dynamic interplay between pro- and anti-oxidant substances in human ejaculate. Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation can overwhelm protective mechanism and initiate changes in lipid and...

    Authors: Dorota Sanocka and Maciej Kurpisz

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:12

    Content type: Review

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  3. This review will focus the roles of TNF-alpha, IL-1 alpha, and IL-1 beta in the mammalian testis and in two testicular pathologies, testicular torsion and orchitis. TNF alpha in the testis is produced by round...

    Authors: Jeffrey J Lysiak

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:9

    Content type: Review

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  4. The pathogenesis of human spontaneous abortion involves a complex interaction of several genetic and environmental factors. The firm association between increased homocysteine concentration and neural tube def...

    Authors: Henrik Zetterberg

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:7

    Content type: Review

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  5. This study investigates ovulation and egg deposition behaviors in the anuran Eleutherodactylus coqui from Puerto Rico in response to stimulation with gonadotropin and gonadotropin releasing hormones. Five hormone...

    Authors: Scott F Michael, Christine Buckley, Esteban Toro, Alberto R Estrada and Shawn Vincent

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:6

    Content type: Research

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  6. It is well established that the growth of the prostate gland is a hormone-dependent phenomenon involving both androgenic and estrogenic control. Proliferation of prostate cells is, at least in part, under cont...

    Authors: Trent D Lund, Daniel J Munson, Herman Adlercreutz, Robert J Handa and Edwin D Lephart

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:5

    Content type: Research

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  7. Anchorage of cells to "heparin" – binding domains that are prevalent in extracellular matrix (ECM) components is thought to occur primarily through the syndecans, a four-member family of transmembrane heparan ...

    Authors: DeannaLee M Beauvais and Alan C Rapraeger

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:3

    Content type: Review

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  8. Prostate cancer (PCa) is no exception to the multi-step process of metastasis. As PCa progresses, changes occur within the microenvironments of both the malignant cells and their targeted site of metastasis, e...

    Authors: Delisha A Stewart, Carlton R Cooper and Robert A Sikes

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2004 2:2

    Content type: Review

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  9. Gonadotropin releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) are often used to regress endometriosis implants and prevent premature luteinizing hormone surges in women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation. In additio...

    Authors: Xiaoping Luo, Jingxia Xu and Nasser Chegini

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:125

    Content type: Research

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2015 13:25

  10. The extracellular matrix (ECM) of porcine mature oocytes was revealed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) after treatment with tannic acid and ruthenium red. Present in the perivitelline space (PVS) and ...

    Authors: Jacques E Fléchon, Jeril Degrouard, Václav Kopečný, Juraj Pivko, Antonin Pavlok and Jan Motlik

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:124

    Content type: Research

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  11. This article presents an overview of immunological factors and their role in the development of endometriosis, with emphasis on inflammatory cytokines, growth and adhesion factors. Although retrograde menstrua...

    Authors: Cleophas M Kyama, Sophie Debrock, Jason M Mwenda and Thomas M D'Hooghe

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:123

    Content type: Review

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  12. During pregnancy there is an alteration in maternal immunity within the uterus where innate, proinflammatory immune responses are tightly regulated to prevent immunological rejection of the fetal allograft. Di...

    Authors: Morgan R Peltier

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:122

    Content type: Review

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  13. The adaptive immune system of placental mammals has evolved to tolerate the fetus. Rejection of the fetus by adaptive immune responses is therefore a rare event, with abortion being caused more frequently by i...

    Authors: Colette Kanellopoulos-Langevin, Stéphane M Caucheteux, Philippe Verbeke and David M Ojcius

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:121

    Content type: Review

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  14. The role of the maternal immune system during pregnancy has focused mainly on the aspect of immune tolerance to the invading trophoblast and, therefore, fetus. While this is a critical aspect of reproductive i...

    Authors: Gil Mor and Vikki M Abrahams

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:119

    Content type: Review

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  15. The human endometrium is an important site of innate immune defence, giving protection against uterine infection. Such protection is critical to successful implantation and pregnancy. Infection is a major caus...

    Authors: Anne E King, Hilary OD Critchley and Rodney W Kelly

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:116

    Content type: Review

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  16. The receptor for the peptide hormone relaxin has recently been identified as the heptahelical G-protein coupled receptor, LGR7. In order to generate molecular tools with which to characterize both in vivo and in ...

    Authors: Richard Ivell, Marga Balvers, Yvonne Pohnke, Ralph Telgmann, Olaf Bartsch, Karin Milde-Langosch, Ana-maria Bamberger and Almuth Einspanier

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:114

    Content type: Research

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  17. At term, cervical ripening in coordination with uterine contractions becomes a prerequisite for a normal vaginal delivery. Currently, cervical ripening is considered to occur independently from uterine contrac...

    Authors: Horacio A Rodríguez, Hugo H Ortega, Jorge G Ramos, Mónica Muñoz-de-Toro and Enrique H Luque

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:113

    Content type: Research

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  18. The lipocalin (LCN) family of structurally conserved hydrophobic ligand binding proteins is represented in all major taxonomic groups from prokaryotes to primates. The importance of lipocalins in reproduction ...

    Authors: Katherine G Hamil, Qiang Liu, P Sivashanmugam, M Anbalagan, Suresh Yenugu, Rama Soundararajan, Gail Grossman, AJ Rao, Charles E Birse, Stephen M Ruben, Richard T Richardson, Yong-Lian Zhang, Michael G O'Rand, Peter Petrusz, Frank S French and Susan H Hall

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:112

    Content type: Research

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  19. Pregnancy is hypercoagulable state. The field of thrombophilia; the tendency to thrombosis, has been developed rapidly and has been linked to many aspects of pregnancy. It is recently that severe pregnancy com...

    Authors: Michael J Kupferminc

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:111

    Content type: Review

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  20. A considerable number of central nervous system pathologies remain undiagnosed during the first two trimesters of pregnancy. This group of disorders includes anomalies of brain proliferation, migration and cor...

    Authors: Gustavo Malinger, Dorit Lev and Tally Lerman-Sagie

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:110

    Content type: Review

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  21. The onset of clinical assisted reproduction, a quarter of a century ago, required the isolation of motile spermatozoa. As the indication of assisted reproduction shifted from mere gynaecological indications to...

    Authors: Ralf R Henkel and Wolf-Bernhard Schill

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:108

    Content type: Review

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  22. Throughout spermatogenesis multiplication, maturation and differentiation of germ cells results in the formation of the male gamete. The understanding of spermatogenesis needs detailed informations about the o...

    Authors: Adolf-Friedrich Holstein, Wolfgang Schulze and Michail Davidoff

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:107

    Content type: Review

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  23. Retinoids, a class of compounds that include retinol and its metabolite, retinoic acid, are absolutely essential for ovarian steroid production, oocyte maturation, and early embryogenesis. Previous studies hav...

    Authors: Mahesh Mohan, Nagaraja Ramavadhani Thirumalapura and Jerry Malayer

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:104

    Content type: Research

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  24. Satellite cells are myogenic stem cells responsible for the post-natal growth, repair and maintenance of skeletal muscle. This review focuses on the basic biology of the satellite cell with emphasis on its rol...

    Authors: Jennifer CJ Chen and David J Goldhamer

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:101

    Content type: Review

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  25. Embryonic stem (ES) cells hold immense promise for the treatment of human degenerative disease. Because ES cells are pluripotent, they can be directed to differentiate into a number of alternative cell-types w...

    Authors: Theodore P Rasmussen

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:100

    Content type: Review

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  26. Presumably, the 'hard-wired' neuronal circuitry of the adult brain dissuades addition of new neurons, which could potentially disrupt existing circuits. This is borne out by the fact that, in general, new neur...

    Authors: Jessica B Lennington, Zhengang Yang and Joanne C Conover

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:99

    Content type: Review

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  27. Cloning by nuclear transfer using mammalian somatic cells has enormous potential application. However, somatic cloning has been inefficient in all species in which live clones have been produced. High abortion...

    Authors: X Cindy Tian, Chikara Kubota, Brian Enright and Xiangzhong Yang

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:98

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  28. Serotonin (5-HT) contributes to the prenatal development of the central nervous system, acting as a morphogen in the young embryo and later as a neurotransmitter. This biologically active agent influences both...

    Authors: Irina P Butkevich, Ludmila I Khozhai, Victor A Mikhailenko and Vladimir A Otellin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:96

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. The synthesis of progesterone by the corpus luteum is essential for the establishment and maintenance of early pregnancy. Regulation of luteal steroidogenesis can be broken down into three major events; lutein...

    Authors: Lane K Christenson and Luigi Devoto

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:90

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  30. The corpus luteum (CL) is a site of intense angiogenesis. Within a short period, this is followed either by controlled regression of the microvascular tree in the non-fertile cycle, or maintenance and stabilis...

    Authors: Hamish M Fraser and Christine Wulff

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:88

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  31. The corpus luteum is a unique organ, which is transitory in nature. The development, maintenance and regression of the corpus luteum are regulated by endocrine, paracrine and autocrine signaling events. Defini...

    Authors: Luiz E Henkes, John S Davis and Bo R Rueda

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:87

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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