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Table 1 Summary of studies addressing access to infertility care in Hispanic patients

From: A review of disparities in access to infertility care and treatment outcomes among Hispanic women

Authors Year Published Study Design Location Sample Size Outcomes/Highlighted Findings Study Limitations
Chandra et al. [5] 2005 National survey United States 12,571 7.6% of Hispanic women ages 25-44 have sought medical help to get pregnant compared to 15% of White women Descriptive; risk of non-sampling error; risk of recall error
Jain & Hornstein [13] 2005 Cross-sectional survey Massachusetts 561 6.8% of the MA state population identified as Hispanic/Latino as compared to 3.9% of patients who presented for care to a large fertility center in a state with mandated insurance coverage for services (p=.011) Descriptive; risk of non-sampling error; patients from single fertility center
Feinberg et al. [14] 2007 Retrospective chart review Washington D.C. 1,457 Hispanics comprised 9% of the Department of Defense population and 4% of the ART population Low number of Hispanic patients; specific military population
Greil et al. [8] 2011 Path analysis of telephone survey data United States 2,162 Hispanic and Black women had higher infertility stigma scores and more ethical concerns surrounding infertility than White women Descriptive; risk of non-sampling error
Missmer, Seifer & Jain [7] 2011 Cross-sectional survey Illinois 743 Hispanic patients had been trying to conceive 20 months longer than White patients when presenting for care; Hispanic patients reported it was more difficult to get treatment due to race/ethnicity (OR 36, 95% CI 6.6-195) Descriptive; patients from single fertility center
Dupree et al. [15] 2019 Retrospective chart review Michigan 18,282 Following implementation of employer-sponsored IVF coverage, the absolute rate of increase in IVF among Hispanic women was 27.5% (p=.25) compared to an increase of 64.9% among White women (p<.001) Data from single employer; no control group
Galic et al. [9, 10] 2021 Cross-sectional survey Illinois 1,460 Hispanic patients traveled twice as far for treatment (p=.01) and were more likely to report race/ethnicity treatment barriers than White patients (p=.01); Hispanic patients were more concerned about side effects of treatment (p<.05) and to worry about violating religious beliefs than White patients (OR 2.3, 95% CI 0.8-6.5) Descriptive; patients from single fertility center