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Table 4 Maternal Outcomes, According to Study Group

From: Maternal and infant outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: a retrospective study in Guangzhou, China

Outcomes 24 January – 31 March 2020
(n = 589)
24 January – 31 March 2019
(n = 733)
P Value
Method of delivery — no./total no. (%)
Vaginal birth
Spontaneous 404/589 (68.59) 442/733 (60.30) 0.002**
Instrument-assisted 15/589 (2.55) 51/733 (6.96)  < 0.001***
Cesarean section 170/589 (28.86) 240/733 (32.74) 0.13
Placental abruption 9/589(1.53) 10/733(1.36) 0.80
Fetal distress 46/589(7.81) 68/733(9.28) 0.34
Precipitate labour 4/589(0.68) 3/733(0.41) 0.71
PROM 158/589(26.83) 186/733(25.38) 0.55
Perineal laceration 336/419(87.35) 337/493(68.36)  < 0.001***
PPH 25/589(4.24) 43/733(5.87) 0.18
24 h (Mean ± SD)—ml 351.97 ± 193.18(n = 589) 367.15 ± 161.53(n = 732) 0.001**
  1. Differences between the groups were compared with the Mann–Whitney U test, and the chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001. PPH: postpartum hemorrhage, PROM: premature rupture of membrane