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Table 5 Biochemical parameters of studied groups

From: Evaluation of testicular glycogen storage, FGF21 and LDH expression and physiological parameters of sperm in hyperglycemic rats treated with hydroalcoholic extract of Securigera Securidaca seeds, and Glibenclamide

Groups Serum TS
(ng/mL)
Tissue lactate
nm/mg-tissue
Tissue LDH
U/mg-total protein
Testicular glycogen
ng/mg-tissue
Testicular FRAP
µMol/mg-tissue
Serum insulin
(ng/ml)
NC 0.098 ± 0.008b 3.80 ± 0.2b 187.1 ± 8.5b 0.47 ± 0.01b 8.66 ± 0.35b 1.97 ± 0.15b
DC 0.079 ± 0.001a 2.62 ± 0.29a 171.9 ± 1.4a 0.34 ± 0.02a 6.55 ± 0.34a 1.18 ± 0.09a
HESS-100 0.079 ± 0.001a 2.78 ± 0.14a 174.7 ± 3.0a 0.36 ± 0.02a 6.50 ± 0.36a 1.4 ± 0.05a,b
HESS-200 0.081 ± 0.004a 2.90 ± 0.24a 176.9 ± 2.9a 0.37 ± 0.01a 6.64 ± 0.37a 1.54 ± 0.07a,b
HESS-400 0.090 ± 0.003b 3.24 ± 0.1a,b 179.5 ± 1.3b 0.41 ± 0.08a,b 7.05 ± 0.12a 1.56 ± 0.09a,b
G 0.096 ± 0.003b 3.36 ± 0.23b 181.4 ± 2.2b 0.44 ± 0.02b 7.64 ± 0.28a,b 1.75 ± 0.07a,b
G + HESS-200 0.096 ± 0.001b 3.39 ± 0.16b 182.8 ± 1.1b 0.43 ± 0.02b 7.63 ± 0.41a,b 1.80 ± 0.09b
G + HESS-400 0.100 ± 0.006b 3.63 ± 0.31b 184.1 ± 1.0b 0.44 ± 0.02b 7.70 ± 0.33a,b 1.82 ± 0.09b
P-value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
  1. TS (Testosterone), LDH (lactate dehydrogenase), FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power)
  2. a: statistically significant difference with NC group
  3. b: statistically significant difference with DC group