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Table 3 Correlationsa of cord blood measures with birth, pregnancy and pre-pregnancy measures

From: Cord blood adipokines, neonatal anthropometrics and postnatal growth in offspring of Hispanic and Native American women with diabetes mellitus

  All p-value Number Control-O p-value Number DM-O p-value Number Between-group p-value
Leptin b DM    Gage, parity    --    
Birth weight 0.23 0.009 121 0.38 0.0007 79 0.15 0.34 42 0.025
Birth SSF 0.22 0.010 110 0.36 0.002 74 0.10 0.64 36 0.025
Maternal Age 0.00 0.99 120 0.01 0.97 78 0.03 0.86 42 0.79
Maternal Pre-pregnancy BMI 0.19 0.047 101 0.24 0.06 64 0.05 0.78 37 0.29
Pregnancy weight gain 0.10 0.28 101 0.05 0.70 64 0.12 0.46 37 0.98
Maternal HbA1c 0.38 0.0003 80 0.32 0.023 43 0.44 0.006 37 0.029
HMWA DM    --    --    
Birth weight 0.07 0.47 124 0.00 0.99 79 0.18 0.23 45 0.35
Birth SSF 0.10 0.29 113 −0.02 0.86 74 0.28 0.09 39 0.10
Maternal Age −0.06 0.50 123 0.00 0.99 78 0.01 0.96 45 0.98
Maternal Pre-pregnancy BMI −0.16 0.12 104 −0.16 0.20 64 −0.11 0.52 40 0.99
Pregnancy weight gain 0.30 0.002 104 0.13 0.29 64 0.47 0.002 40 0.027
Maternal HbA1c −0.08 0.48 86 0.12 0.42 46 −0.05 0.78 40 0.44
PEDF b DM    --    gender    
Birth weight 0.26 0.004 124 0.28 0.014 79 0.17 0.24 45 0.56
Birth SSF 0.13 0.19 118 0.21 0.07 79 0.17 0.31 39 0.30
Maternal Age 0.20 0.07 123 0.10 0.39 78 0.26 0.07 45 0.54
Maternal Pre-pregnancy BMI 0.16 0.14 104 0.20 0.11 64 −0.02 0.91 40 0.59
Pregnancy weight gain −0.02 0.82 104 −0.10 0.42 64 0.10 0.54 40 0.36
Maternal HbA1c 0.24 0.047 86 0.18 0.22 46 0.19 0.21 40 0.64
  1. aCorrelations shown are standardized correlation coefficients from the regression of cord blood measures on the birth, pregnancy or pre-pregnancy measure with adjustment for significant covariates. Covariates considered were diabetic status (DM), gender, gestational age at birth (Gage), mode of delivery (mode), maternal age and parity. Significant covariates are indicated in italic font
  2. bLeptin and PEDF were log transformed for analysis. (p ≤ 0.05 in bold)