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Table 5 Effect of maternal treatment on offspring from birth to adolescence

From: Offspring subcutaneous adipose markers are sensitive to the timing of maternal gestational weight gain

  Treatments*    P VALUE
C E M EM L N se
WEIGHTS (kg)         
Birth weight 1.53 1.45 1.47 1.47 1.53 47 0.033 0.25
Weaning weight 7.59c 8.22ab 8.34a 7.71bc 7.60c 47 0.19 <0.01
Weight Day 41 10.5 11.0 10.9 10.7 11.1 47 0.21 0.32
Weight Day 55 17.4 17.0 17.8 17.5 17.7 47 0.36 0.54
Weight Day 76 30.0 29.0 29.4 28.7 29.1 41 0.71 0.7
Weight Day 118 62.2a 56.1b 58.3ab 58.9ab 56.7b 34 1.48 <0.05
Weight Day 159 97.6a 90.0b 92.2ab 95.1ab 90.8b 34 1.87 <0.05
DAILY FEED INTAKE (g)         
Weaning to Day 41 286ab 277b 247c 280b 306a 47 8.0 <0.001
Day 41 to 55 787 726 740 730 757 47 24.9 0.41
Weaning to Day 55 550a 505ab 503b 514ab 539ab 47 15.2 0.10
Day 55 to 76 1158ab 1209a 1147ab 1094b 1119ab 45 31.3 0.13
Weaning to Day 76 821 819 775 766 794 41 20.1 0.13
Day 76 to 118 1781a 1608b 1674ab 1687ab 1693ab 34 41.6 0.08
Day 118 to 159 2449ab 2515a 2469ab 2439ab 2286b 34 61.6 0.10
Day 76 to 159 2120 2045 2063 2058 1986 34 43.8 0.42
Weaning to Day 159 1647 1599 1600 1583 1547 34 31.7 0.35
SLAUGHTER § DATA         
Carcass weight (kg) 73.6a 68.1b 68.7b 72.4ab 69.5ab 32 1.56 <0.05
Fat (mm) 10.9a 9.7bc 9.2c 11.0a 10.5ab 32 0.38 <0.01
Lean (%) 58.5bc 59.4ab 59.8a 58.3c 59.0abc 32 0.36 <0.01
  1. *C = Control Sows consumed 2.3 kg/day food from day 25 to 110 gestation, E sows consumed 4.6 kg/day food in early (days 25 to 50) gestation, M sows consumed 4.6 kg/day in mid gestation (days 50 to 80), EM sows consumed 4.6 kg/day in early and mid gestation (days 25 to 80) and L sows received 3.5 kg/day from days 80 to 110 of gestation.
  2. N = number of Offspring.
  3. Weaning of offspring occurred at day 28.
  4. §Offspring were slaughtered at 159 days old.
  5. Different superscripts, within the row, indicate significant differences.
  6. P value < 0.1 is defined as a tendency and < 0.05 is significant.