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Table 3 Anthropometric, hormonal, metabolic and ultrasonographic characteristics of normal weight and overweight/obese controls.

From: The effects of obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome on serum lipocalin-2 levels: a cross-sectional study

  Group IIα
(normal weight controls)
(n = 25)
Group IIβ
(overweight/obese controls)
(n = 25)
p
(adjusted for age)
Age (years) 31.3 ± 4.5 33.9 ± 4.6 NA
BMI (kg/m2) 21.9 ± 1.6 28.3 ± 3.0 < 0.001
Waist (cm) 73.7 ± 5.6 87.9 ± 8.5 < 0.001
FSH (mIU/ml) 8.1 ± 2.5 7.8 ± 3.2 NS
LH (mIU/ml) 7.1 ± 3.3 4.8 ± 1.5 0.011
Prolactin (ng/ml) 12.1 ± 3.8 12.4 ± 4.7 NS
Testosterone (ng/dl) 36.4 ± 14.5 29.4 ± 13.8 NS
Δ4-A (ng/ml) 1.8 ± 0.4 1.7 ± 0.6 NS
DHEA-S (ng/ml) 2138.9 ± 788.6 1750.4 ± 803.1 NS
FAI 1.89 ± 0.99 2.07 ± 1.31 NS
17α-OHP (ng/ml) 0.7 ± 0.3 0.7 ± 0.3 NS
SHBG (nmol/l) 76.4 ± 30.8 61.9 ± 35.5 NS
Glucose (mg/dl) 95.1 ± 7.8 98.9 ± 11.2 NS
Insulin (μIU/ml) 8.2 ± 7.0 10.3 ± 6.6 NS
Glucose/insulin 15.48 ± 7.27 14.23 ± 10.62 NS
HOMA-IR 1.96 ± 1.76 2.53 ± 1.63 NS
QUICKI 0.36 ± 0.03 0.35 ± 0.04 NS
Area under the OGTT curve 13009.8 ± 1680.8 16121.4 ± 3883.3 0.002
Mean ovarian volume (cm3) 5.3 ± 1.9 5.3 ± 1.8 NS
Mean number of ovarian follicles 6.0 ± 1.9 6.4 ± 1.9 NS
Lipocalin (ng/ml) 50.5 ± 23.7 70.1 ± 24.9 0.004
  1. Abbreviations are defined in Table 1.