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Table 2 Anthropometric, hormonal, metabolic and ultrasonographic characteristics of normal weight and overweight/obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

From: The effects of obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome on serum lipocalin-2 levels: a cross-sectional study

  Group Iα
(normal weight patients with PCOS)
(n = 100)
Group Iβ
(overweight/obese patients with PCOS)
(n = 100)
p
(adjusted for age)
Age (years) 23.4 ± 4.5 25.7 ± 5.8 NA
BMI (kg/m2) 22.1 ± 1.8 31.9 ± 5.6 < 0.001
Waist (cm) 72.8 ± 5.3 94.2 ± 13.6 < 0.001
FSH (mIU/ml) 6.8 ± 1.9 6.0 ± 1.7 0.001
LH (mIU/ml) 8.5 ± 5.5 6.7 ± 4.4 0.025
Prolactin (ng/ml) 14.7 ± 6.6 13.9 ± 7.3 NS
Testosterone (ng/dl) 74.7 ± 27.3 75.4 ± 32.7 NS
Δ4-A (ng/ml) 2.9 ± 1.1 2.9 ± 0.9 NS
DHEA-S (ng/ml) 3148.6 ± 1218.2 3063.1 ± 1384.1 NS
FAI 5.80 ± 4.19 9.51 ± 7.19 < 0.001
17α-OHP (ng/ml) 1.1 ± 0.5 1.1 ± 0.5 NS
SHBG (nmol/l) 59.0 ± 30.5 35.2 ± 19.4 < 0.001
Glucose (mg/dl) 94.9 ± 10.0 102.1 ± 28.3 NS
Insulin (μIU/ml) 8.6 ± 5.0 16.1 ± 10.6 < 0.001
Glucose/insulin 13.68 ± 6.02 9.36 ± 6.61 < 0.001
HOMA-IR 2.04 ± 1.34 4.38 ± 5.08 < 0.001
QUICKI 0.35 ± 0.03 0.32 ± 0.03 < 0.001
Area under the OGTT curve 14496.9 ± 2725.9 15797.4 ± 3388.2 0.006
Mean ovarian volume (cm3) 7.7 ± 3.7 11.9 ± 5.0 < 0.001
Mean number of ovarian follicles 10.9 ± 5.2 10.8 ± 4.1 NS
Lipocalin (ng/ml) 54.5 ± 27.2 76.2 ± 37.3 < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations are defined in Table 1.