Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 3 Demographic and obstetric characteristics of multiparous women by treatment group

From: Comparison between amniotomy, oxytocin or both for augmentation of labor in prolonged latent phase: a randomized controlled trial

  Group 1 (Amniotomy) Group 2 (Oxytocin) Group 3 (Amniotomy and Oxytocin) Group 4 (Control)  
Obstetric and demographic data N = 49 N = 52 N = 55 N = 47 p
Intra-partum fever 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) ---
Antibiotics use 1 (2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.5
Epidural use 6 (12) 15 (29) 11 (20) 10 (21) 0.2
Fetal scalp pH 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) -----
Vaginal examinations 5.0 ± 1.7 (5) 6.0 ± 2.6 (5) 4.8 ± 1.7 (5) 5.0 ± 1.7 (5.0) 0.1
Fetal Scalp electrode 3 (6) 1 (2) 8 (15)d 8 (17)d 0.03
Intra-uterine pressure catheter 0 (0.0) 2 (4) 0 (0.0) 1 (2) 0.3
Time from enrollment until delivery, min 352 ± 320 (241) 457 ± 305 (384)a,c 279 ± 210 (227) 376 ± 232 (345)a 0.001
Duration of the first stage of labor, min 337 ± 316 (230) 436 ± 292 (379)a 262 ± 197 (214) 364 ± 230 (332)a 0.001
Time from enrollment until the beginning of the active phase, min 260 ± 313 (164) 336 ± 272 (276)a 176 ± 197 (109) 279 ± 237 (233)a 0.001
Duration of the active phase, min 76 ± 49 (70) 99 ± 99 (65) 90 ± 55 (81) 87 ± 61(75) 0.6
Duration of the second stage, min 15 ± 31 (8) 21 ± 32 (9) 16 ± 29 (10) 13 ± 15 (7) 0.5
Delivery mode      0.4
Spontaneous vaginal 49 (100) 51(98) 52 (95) 46 (98) ----
Vacuum 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (4) 0 (0) ----
Cesarean 0 (0) 1 (2) 1 (2) 1 (2) 0.9
Vacuum or cesarean 0 (0) 1 (2) 3 (6) 1 (2) 0.4
Early post partum hemorrhage 0 (0.0) 2 (4) 3 (6) 0 (0.0) 0.2
Post-partum fever 1 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.5
Women satisfaction 4.9 ± 0.4 (5)b 4.8 ± 0.5 (5)b 4.9 ± 0.5 (5) 5.0 ± 0.0 (5) 0.01
Birthweight, gr 3416 ± 391 (3396) 3435 ± 470 (3456) 3401 ± 417 (3376) 3296 ± 368 (3282) 0.4
Apgar score at 5 min 10.0 ± 0.1 10.0 ± 0.3 10.0 ± 0.2 10.0 ± 0.2 0.8
  1. Data are mean + standard deviation (median) or n (%) unless otherwise specified.
  2. a, statistical difference (p < 0.05) was found when compared with group 3 after post hoc testing;
  3. b, statistical difference (p < 0.05) was found when compared with group 4 after post hoc testing;
  4. c, statistical difference (p < 0.05) was found when compared with group 1 after post hoc testing;
  5. d, statistical difference (p < 0.05) was found when compared with group 2 after post hoc testing.