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Table 2 Summary of the Effects of IL-1 α and IL-1β on Sertoli and Leydig Cells

From: The role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 in the mammalian testis and their involvement in testicular torsion and autoimmune orchitis

Effects of IL-1α on Sertoli Cells Effects of IL-1β on Leydig Cells
increase proliferation [68] decrease testosterone [6971, 74]
  increase testosterone [72, 73]