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Table 1 The body weight, blood glucose, testosterone and estrogen levels of the three groups of rats at the end of the study (+/−s)

From: Castration-induced testosterone deficiency increases fasting glucose associated with hepatic and extra-hepatic insulin resistance in adult male rats

  C TD TD + TP P value
(n = 10) (n = 10) (n = 10)
Body weight (g) 629+/−66.93 502.86+/−66.88* 546+/−44.63* 0.0188
RBG (mmol/L) 4.46+/−1.08 5.36+/−0.67 4.98+/−0.438 0.1696
FBG (mmol/L) 4.56+/−1.173 5.514+/−0.705*# 3.34+/−1.171 0.0082
T (ng/mL) 2.96+/−0.55 1.45+/−0.26*# 2.07+/−0.35* 0.0053
E2 (pg/mL) 8.2+/−2.08 6.4+/−2.05 8.4+/−1.52 0.065
  1. C, control group, rats underwent sham surgery; TD, testosterone deficiency group, rats underwent bilateral orchidectomy surgery; TD + TP, castrated rats given testosterone; RBG, random blood glucose; FBG, fasting blood glucose; T, testosterone; E2, estrogen; Data are presented as the means +/− SD.
  2. *, compared with the control group (C).
  3. #, compared with castrated rats replaced with testosterone propionate (TD + TP).