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Table 1 Clinical characteristics and seminal parameters of couples who underwent IUI according to pregnancy or no pregnancy

From: Efficacy of sperm motility after processing and incubation to predict pregnancy after intrauterine insemination in normospermic individuals

Variables Pregnancy (n = 52) No pregnancy (n = 123) p-value*
Women’s age (years) 28 (28–32) 31 (30–32) 0.065
Men’s age (years) 33 (31–36) 34 (32–37) 0.102
Duration of infertility (years) 2 (1.6-3.5) 3 (2–4) 0.209
Etiology (%)    
Unexplained infertility 25.0 29.0 0.56 **
Endometriosis 25.2 23.6
Cervical factor 23.1 16.3
Ovulatory dysfunction 30.8 24.4
Total sperm count (×106) 200 (72–310) 150 (80–300) 0.72
Morphology (%) 31 (25–36) 30 (22–35) 0.37
Progressive motility (%) 52 (38–60) 35 (32–49) 0.0001
  1. Values are expressed as median and quartiles.
  2. *= Mann–Whitney test.
  3. **= χ2 analysis to access etiology of infertility.