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  1. Oocyte control of granulosa and theca cell function may be mediated by several growth factors via a local feedback loop(s) between these cell types. This study examined both the role of oocyte-secreted factors...

    Authors: Victoria Brankin, Marcus RP Mitchell, Bob Webb and Morag G Hunter

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:55

    Content type: Research

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  2. The Sperm Adhesion Molecule 1 (SPAM1) is an important sperm surface hyaluronidase with at least three functions in mammalian fertilization. Previously our laboratory reported that in the mouse, in addition to ...

    Authors: Eric A Evans, Hong Zhang and Patricia A Martin-DeLeon

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:54

    Content type: Research

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  3. CatSper1 and CatSper2 are two recently identified channel-like proteins, which show sperm specific expression patterns. Through targeted mutagenesis in the mouse, CatSper1 has been shown to be required for fer...

    Authors: Anna Lobley, Valerie Pierron, Lindsey Reynolds, Liz Allen and David Michalovich

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:53

    Content type: Research

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  4. Testosterone and estrogen are no longer considered male only and female only hormones. Both hormones are important in both sexes. It was known as early as the 1930's that developmental exposure to a high dose ...

    Authors: Rex A Hess

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:52

    Content type: Review

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  5. To investigate the possible role of nitric oxide (NO) produced locally or intramurally in the quiescence of the pregnant myometrium, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity was measured in samples from first trim...

    Authors: J Al-Hijji, Ellika Andolf, Ricardo Laurini and Satish Batra

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:51

    Content type: Research

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  6. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), a member of gonadotropin family, is critical for follicular maturation and ovarian steroidogenesis. Serum FSH levels are known to fluctuate during different phases of menstr...

    Authors: Alan A Arslan, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Annekatrin Lukanova, Sabina Rinaldi, Rudolf Kaaks and Paolo Toniolo

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:49

    Content type: Research

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  7. The number and type of testicular germ cells undergoing apoptosis in different age groups of mice (from 7 to 360 days of age) was determined and compared in age-matched wild type (WT) control and in a transgen...

    Authors: D Antony Jeyaraj, Gail Grossman and Peter Petrusz

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:48

    Content type: Research

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  8. Molecular and intra-cellular mechanisms involved in the regulation of apoptosis processes in endometrial cells are poorly understood and documented. We have investigated the possibility that Akt survival pathw...

    Authors: Marie-Claude Dery, Valerie Leblanc, Carl Shooner and Eric Asselin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:47

    Content type: Research

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  9. Distinct luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) protein variants exist due to the posttranslational modifications. Besides ovaries, LHR immunoreactivity (LHRI) was also found in other tissues, such as the brain, f...

    Authors: Antonin Bukovsky, Korakod Indrapichate, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Maria Cekanova, Maria E Ayala, Roberto Dominguez, Michael R Caudle, Jay Wimalsena, Robert F Elder, Pleas Copas, James S Foster, Romaine I Fernando, Donald C Henley and Nirmala B Upadhyaya

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:46

    Content type: Research

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  10. The possibility to predict the ability of a germ cell to properly sustain embryo development in vitro or in vivo as early as possible is undoubtedly the main problem of reproductive technologies. To date, only...

    Authors: Pia Lucidi, Nicola Bernabò, Maura Turriani, Barbara Barboni and Mauro Mattioli

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:45

    Content type: Research

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  11. During the initial steps of implantation, the mouse uterine epithelium of the implantation chamber undergoes apoptosis in response to the interacting blastocyst. With progressing implantation, regression of th...

    Authors: Anike Joswig, Heinz-Dieter Gabriel, Mark Kibschull and Elke Winterhager

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:44

    Content type: Research

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  12. Ablation of the low-affinity receptor subunit for leukemia inhibitory factor (LIFR) causes multi-systemic defects in the late gestation fetus. Because corticosterone is known to have a broad range of effects a...

    Authors: Carol B Ware, Angelique M Nelson and Denny Liggitt

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:43

    Content type: Research

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  13. A growing body of evidences suggests that the ovary is a site of inflammatory reactions, and thus, ovarian cells could represent sources and targets of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) system. The purpose of this stud...

    Authors: Alain Martoriati and Nadine Gérard

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:42

    Content type: Research

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  14. Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) have been developed in order to create means to control estrogenic effects on different tissues. A major drawback in treatment of estrogen receptor (ER) positive ...

    Authors: Denis Stygar, Natalia Muravitskaya, Britt Eriksson, Håkan Eriksson and Lena Sahlin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:40

    Content type: Research

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  15. We have shown previously that downregulation of intercaruncular stromal integrin αvβ3 in bovine endometrium on day 16 of the estrous cycle coincided with the antibody recognition of estrogen receptors (ER) in the...

    Authors: Sarah Kimmins, Gerald L Russell, Hai Choo Lim, Brian K Hall and Leslie A MacLaren

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:38

    Content type: Research

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  16. During human pregnancy, the production of 17-beta-estradiol (E2) rises steadily to eighty fold at term, and placenta has been found to specifically bind estrogens. We have recently demonstrated the expression ...

    Authors: Antonin Bukovsky, Michael R Caudle, Maria Cekanova, Romaine I Fernando, Jay Wimalasena, James S Foster, Donald C Henley and Robert F Elder

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:36

    Content type: Research

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  17. The ability of the testis to convert irreversibly androgens into estrogens is related to the presence of a microsomal enzymatic complex named aromatase, which is composed of a specific glycoprotein, the cytoch...

    Authors: Serge Carreau, Sophie Lambard, Christelle Delalande, Isabelle Denis-Galeraud, Barbara Bilinska and Sonia Bourguiba

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:35

    Content type: Review

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  18. Embryo implantation, endometrial stromal cell decidualization and formation of a functional placenta are critical processes in the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. Interleukin (IL)-11 signalling is ...

    Authors: E Dimitriadis, L Robb, Y-X Liu, AC Enders, H Martin, C Stoikos, E Wallace and LA Salamonsen

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:34

    Content type: Research

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  19. Previous studies on the effect of repeated electro-acupuncture (EA) treatments in rats with steriod-induced polycystic ovaries (PCO), EA has been shown to modulate nerve growth factor (NGF) concentration in th...

    Authors: Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Thomas Lundeberg, Stefan Cajander, Luigi Aloe, Luigi Manni, Urban Waldenström and Per Olof Janson

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:33

    Content type: Research

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  20. Simultaneous determinations of DNA content in cell nuclei and condensed chromatin bodies formed by heterochromatized regions of sex chromosomes (gonosomal chromatin bodies, GCB) have been performed in two trop...

    Authors: Tatiana G Zybina, Eugenia V Zybina, Margarita S Bogdanova and Grigory I Stein

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:32

    Content type: Research

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  21. Ion channels occur as large families of related genes with cell-specific expression patterns. Granulosa cells have been shown to express voltage-gated potassium channels from more than one family. The purpose ...

    Authors: Yan Li, Suhasini Ganta, Fred B von Stein, Diane E Mason, Brianna M Mitchell and Lisa C Freeman

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:31

    Content type: Research

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  22. The aim of this study was to analyse the multigenerational effects of para-nonylphenol (NP) and resveratrol (RES) on the body weight, organ weight and reproductive fitness of outbred CD-1 mice. The data indica...

    Authors: Vendula Kyselova, Jana Peknicova, Daniela Buckiova and Michael Boubelik

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:30

    Content type: Research

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  23. Activin is known to play an important regulatory role in reproduction, including pregnancy. To further examine the role and signaling mechanism of activin in regulating placental function, the steady-state lev...

    Authors: Victor TS Chen, Chun Peng and Peter CK Leung

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:29

    Content type: Research

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  24. The mature mouse egg contains the full complement of maternal proteins required for fertilization, the transition to zygotic transcription, and the beginning stages of embryogenesis. Many of these proteins rem...

    Authors: Meredith E Calvert, Laura C Digilio, John C Herr and Scott A Coonrod

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:27

    Content type: Research

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  25. We have investigated the effects of indomethacin (IM), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and the role of prostaglandins on the accumulation of leukocytes in the rat ovary during the periovulatory period....

    Authors: Francisco Gaytán, Concepción Morales, Carmen Bellido, Esteban Tarradas and José Eugenio Sánchez-Criado

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:26

    Content type: Research

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  26. Cartilaginous fish are the oldest extant jawed vertebrates and the oldest line to have placentae. Their pivotal evolutionary position makes them attractive models to investigate the mechanisms involved in the ...

    Authors: Chiara Cateni, Luana Paulesu, Elisa Bigliardi and William C Hamlett

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:25

    Content type: Research

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  27. Gonadal hormones have been shown to exert modulatory effects on nociception and analgesia. To investigate the role of gonadal hormones in the response by female rats to both phasic and persistent nociceptive s...

    Authors: Ilaria Ceccarelli, Paolo Fiorenzani, Cosimo Massafra and Anna Maria Aloisi

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:24

    Content type: Research

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  28. During late peri-implantation development, porcine conceptuses undergo a rapid (2–3 hrs) morphological transformation from a 10 mm sphere to a thin filamentous form greater than 150 mm in length. Elongation of...

    Authors: Jason W Ross, Morgan D Ashworth, Amy G Hurst, Jerry R Malayer and Rodney D Geisert

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:23

    Content type: Research

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  29. Testis tumors occur frequently in dogs. The main types of tumors are Sertoli cell tumors, seminomas, and Leydig cell tumors. Mixed tumors and bilateral occurrence of tumors may be encountered frequently. To el...

    Authors: Monique AJ Peters, Jan A Mol, Monique E van Wolferen, Marja A Oosterlaken-Dijksterhuis, Katja J Teerds and Frederik J van Sluijs

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:22

    Content type: Research

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  30. Female opossums are induced into estrus by direct exposure to a non-volatile pheromone in male scentmarks. Juvenile females develop this responsiveness by 150 days of age (days), and earlier (130 days) if expo...

    Authors: John D Harder and Leslie M Jackson

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:21

    Content type: Research

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  31. We recently reported that immature porcine Leydig cells express both somatostatin (SRIF) and SRIF receptor type-2 (sst-2) transcripts. The present study was therefore undertaken to assess whether SRIF might ex...

    Authors: Joanna Fombonne, Zsolt Csaba, Ysander von Boxberg, Amandine Valayer, Catherine Rey, Mohamed Benahmed, Pascal Dournaud and Slavica Krantic

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:19

    Content type: Research

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  32. A characterization of the Amphibian Bufo arenarum oocyte envelope is presented. It was made in different functional conditions of the oocyte: 1) when it has been released into the coelomic cavity during ovulation...

    Authors: Gustavo A Barisone, Isabel E Albertali, Mercedes Sánchez and Marcelo O Cabada

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:18

    Content type: Research

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  33. The microvasculature of the corpus luteum (CL), which comprises greater than 50% of the total number of cells in the CL, is thought to be the first structure to undergo degeneration via apoptosis during luteol...

    Authors: James K Pru, Maureen P Lynch, John S Davis and Bo R Rueda

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:17

    Content type: Research

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  34. The response of Meishan conceptuses to an exogenous precursor for oestradiol-17β biosynthesis was investigated in vitro, to determine whether gestational age or morphological stage of development elicit changes i...

    Authors: Amanda R Pickard, Samuel J Miller and Cheryl J Ashworth

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:16

    Content type: Research

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  35. We recently demonstrated that caspase-3 is important for apoptosis during spontaneous involution of the corpus luteum (CL). These studies tested if prostaglandin F (PGF) or FAS regulated luteal regression, ut...

    Authors: Silvia F Carambula, James K Pru, Maureen P Lynch, Tiina Matikainen, Paulo Bayard D Gonçalves, Richard A Flavell, Jonathan L Tilly and Bo R Rueda

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:15

    Content type: Research

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  36. Substantially less development to the blastocyst stage occurs in vitro than in vivo and this may be due to deficiencies in oocyte competence. Although a large proportion of bovine oocytes undergo spontaneous n...

    Authors: Michele D Calder, Anita N Caveney, Lawrence C Smith and Andrew J Watson

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:14

    Content type: Research

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  37. Estrogens play an important role in the regulation of placental function, and 17-beta-estradiol (E2) production rises eighty fold during human pregnancy. Although term placenta has been found to specifically b...

    Authors: Antonin Bukovsky, Maria Cekanova, Michael R Caudle, Jay Wimalasena, James S Foster, Donald C Henley and Robert F Elder

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Prolactin (PRL) exerts pleiotropic physiological effects in various cells and tissues, and is mainly considered as a regulator of reproduction and cell growth. Null mutation of the PRL receptor (R) gene leads ...

    Authors: Isabelle Grosdemouge, Anne Bachelot, Aurélie Lucas, Nathalie Baran, Paul A Kelly and Nadine Binart

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. For the extrapolation of data obtained from experimental animals to the human situation, it is important to know the similarities and differences between human and animal species. Some important characteristic...

    Authors: S Batra, C Iosif, J Al-Hijji and I Larsson

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:10

    Content type: Research

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  40. In most mammals oogonia proliferate by mitosis and begin meiotic development during fetal life. Previous studies indicated that there is a delay in the progression to the first stage of meiotic arrest in germ ...

    Authors: William J Murdoch, Edward A Van Kirk, Kimberly A Vonnahme and Stephen P Ford

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:6

    Content type: Research

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  41. During mammalian testis development distinct generations of fetal and adult Leydig cells arise. Luteinising hormone (LH) is required for normal adult Leydig cell function and for the establishment of normal ad...

    Authors: PJ Baker, H Johnston, M Abel, HM Charlton and PJ O'Shaughnessy

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:4

    Content type: Research

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