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  1. Content type: Research

    Distinct luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) protein variants exist due to the posttranslational modifications. Besides ovaries, LHR immunoreactivity (LHRI) was also found in other tissues, such as the brain, f...

    Authors: Antonin Bukovsky, Korakod Indrapichate, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Maria Cekanova, Maria E Ayala, Roberto Dominguez, Michael R Caudle, Jay Wimalsena, Robert F Elder, Pleas Copas, James S Foster, Romaine I Fernando, Donald C Henley and Nirmala B Upadhyaya

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:46

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  2. Content type: Research

    The possibility to predict the ability of a germ cell to properly sustain embryo development in vitro or in vivo as early as possible is undoubtedly the main problem of reproductive technologies. To date, only...

    Authors: Pia Lucidi, Nicola Bernabò, Maura Turriani, Barbara Barboni and Mauro Mattioli

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:45

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  3. Content type: Research

    During the initial steps of implantation, the mouse uterine epithelium of the implantation chamber undergoes apoptosis in response to the interacting blastocyst. With progressing implantation, regression of th...

    Authors: Anike Joswig, Heinz-Dieter Gabriel, Mark Kibschull and Elke Winterhager

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:44

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  4. Content type: Research

    A growing body of evidences suggests that the ovary is a site of inflammatory reactions, and thus, ovarian cells could represent sources and targets of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) system. The purpose of this stud...

    Authors: Alain Martoriati and Nadine Gérard

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:42

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  5. Content type: Research

    Ablation of the low-affinity receptor subunit for leukemia inhibitory factor (LIFR) causes multi-systemic defects in the late gestation fetus. Because corticosterone is known to have a broad range of effects a...

    Authors: Carol B Ware, Angelique M Nelson and Denny Liggitt

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:43

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  6. Content type: Research

    Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) have been developed in order to create means to control estrogenic effects on different tissues. A major drawback in treatment of estrogen receptor (ER) positive ...

    Authors: Denis Stygar, Natalia Muravitskaya, Britt Eriksson, Håkan Eriksson and Lena Sahlin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:40

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  7. Content type: Research

    We have shown previously that downregulation of intercaruncular stromal integrin αvβ3 in bovine endometrium on day 16 of the estrous cycle coincided with the antibody recognition of estrogen receptors (ER) in the...

    Authors: Sarah Kimmins, Gerald L Russell, Hai Choo Lim, Brian K Hall and Leslie A MacLaren

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:38

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  8. Content type: Research

    During human pregnancy, the production of 17-beta-estradiol (E2) rises steadily to eighty fold at term, and placenta has been found to specifically bind estrogens. We have recently demonstrated the expression ...

    Authors: Antonin Bukovsky, Michael R Caudle, Maria Cekanova, Romaine I Fernando, Jay Wimalasena, James S Foster, Donald C Henley and Robert F Elder

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:36

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  9. Content type: Research

    Embryo implantation, endometrial stromal cell decidualization and formation of a functional placenta are critical processes in the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. Interleukin (IL)-11 signalling is ...

    Authors: E Dimitriadis, L Robb, Y-X Liu, AC Enders, H Martin, C Stoikos, E Wallace and LA Salamonsen

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:34

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  10. Content type: Review

    The ability of the testis to convert irreversibly androgens into estrogens is related to the presence of a microsomal enzymatic complex named aromatase, which is composed of a specific glycoprotein, the cytoch...

    Authors: Serge Carreau, Sophie Lambard, Christelle Delalande, Isabelle Denis-Galeraud, Barbara Bilinska and Sonia Bourguiba

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:35

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  11. Content type: Research

    Simultaneous determinations of DNA content in cell nuclei and condensed chromatin bodies formed by heterochromatized regions of sex chromosomes (gonosomal chromatin bodies, GCB) have been performed in two trop...

    Authors: Tatiana G Zybina, Eugenia V Zybina, Margarita S Bogdanova and Grigory I Stein

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:32

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  12. Content type: Research

    Previous studies on the effect of repeated electro-acupuncture (EA) treatments in rats with steriod-induced polycystic ovaries (PCO), EA has been shown to modulate nerve growth factor (NGF) concentration in th...

    Authors: Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Thomas Lundeberg, Stefan Cajander, Luigi Aloe, Luigi Manni, Urban Waldenström and Per Olof Janson

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:33

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  13. Content type: Research

    Ion channels occur as large families of related genes with cell-specific expression patterns. Granulosa cells have been shown to express voltage-gated potassium channels from more than one family. The purpose ...

    Authors: Yan Li, Suhasini Ganta, Fred B von Stein, Diane E Mason, Brianna M Mitchell and Lisa C Freeman

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:31

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  14. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study was to analyse the multigenerational effects of para-nonylphenol (NP) and resveratrol (RES) on the body weight, organ weight and reproductive fitness of outbred CD-1 mice. The data indica...

    Authors: Vendula Kyselova, Jana Peknicova, Daniela Buckiova and Michael Boubelik

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:30

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  15. Content type: Research

    Activin is known to play an important regulatory role in reproduction, including pregnancy. To further examine the role and signaling mechanism of activin in regulating placental function, the steady-state lev...

    Authors: Victor TS Chen, Chun Peng and Peter CK Leung

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:29

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  16. Content type: Research

    During late peri-implantation development, porcine conceptuses undergo a rapid (2–3 hrs) morphological transformation from a 10 mm sphere to a thin filamentous form greater than 150 mm in length. Elongation of...

    Authors: Jason W Ross, Morgan D Ashworth, Amy G Hurst, Jerry R Malayer and Rodney D Geisert

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:23

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  17. Content type: Research

    The mature mouse egg contains the full complement of maternal proteins required for fertilization, the transition to zygotic transcription, and the beginning stages of embryogenesis. Many of these proteins rem...

    Authors: Meredith E Calvert, Laura C Digilio, John C Herr and Scott A Coonrod

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:27

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  18. Content type: Research

    Cartilaginous fish are the oldest extant jawed vertebrates and the oldest line to have placentae. Their pivotal evolutionary position makes them attractive models to investigate the mechanisms involved in the ...

    Authors: Chiara Cateni, Luana Paulesu, Elisa Bigliardi and William C Hamlett

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:25

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  19. Content type: Research

    We have investigated the effects of indomethacin (IM), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and the role of prostaglandins on the accumulation of leukocytes in the rat ovary during the periovulatory period....

    Authors: Francisco Gaytán, Concepción Morales, Carmen Bellido, Esteban Tarradas and José Eugenio Sánchez-Criado

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:26

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  20. Content type: Research

    Gonadal hormones have been shown to exert modulatory effects on nociception and analgesia. To investigate the role of gonadal hormones in the response by female rats to both phasic and persistent nociceptive s...

    Authors: Ilaria Ceccarelli, Paolo Fiorenzani, Cosimo Massafra and Anna Maria Aloisi

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:24

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  21. Content type: Research

    Testis tumors occur frequently in dogs. The main types of tumors are Sertoli cell tumors, seminomas, and Leydig cell tumors. Mixed tumors and bilateral occurrence of tumors may be encountered frequently. To el...

    Authors: Monique AJ Peters, Jan A Mol, Monique E van Wolferen, Marja A Oosterlaken-Dijksterhuis, Katja J Teerds and Frederik J van Sluijs

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:22

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  22. Content type: Research

    We recently reported that immature porcine Leydig cells express both somatostatin (SRIF) and SRIF receptor type-2 (sst-2) transcripts. The present study was therefore undertaken to assess whether SRIF might ex...

    Authors: Joanna Fombonne, Zsolt Csaba, Ysander von Boxberg, Amandine Valayer, Catherine Rey, Mohamed Benahmed, Pascal Dournaud and Slavica Krantic

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:19

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  23. Content type: Research

    The microvasculature of the corpus luteum (CL), which comprises greater than 50% of the total number of cells in the CL, is thought to be the first structure to undergo degeneration via apoptosis during luteol...

    Authors: James K Pru, Maureen P Lynch, John S Davis and Bo R Rueda

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:17

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  24. Content type: Research

    A characterization of the Amphibian Bufo arenarum oocyte envelope is presented. It was made in different functional conditions of the oocyte: 1) when it has been released into the coelomic cavity during ovulation...

    Authors: Gustavo A Barisone, Isabel E Albertali, Mercedes Sánchez and Marcelo O Cabada

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:18

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  25. Content type: Research

    Substantially less development to the blastocyst stage occurs in vitro than in vivo and this may be due to deficiencies in oocyte competence. Although a large proportion of bovine oocytes undergo spontaneous n...

    Authors: Michele D Calder, Anita N Caveney, Lawrence C Smith and Andrew J Watson

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:14

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  26. Content type: Research

    Female opossums are induced into estrus by direct exposure to a non-volatile pheromone in male scentmarks. Juvenile females develop this responsiveness by 150 days of age (days), and earlier (130 days) if expo...

    Authors: John D Harder and Leslie M Jackson

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:21

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  27. Content type: Research

    We recently demonstrated that caspase-3 is important for apoptosis during spontaneous involution of the corpus luteum (CL). These studies tested if prostaglandin F (PGF) or FAS regulated luteal regression, ut...

    Authors: Silvia F Carambula, James K Pru, Maureen P Lynch, Tiina Matikainen, Paulo Bayard D Gonçalves, Richard A Flavell, Jonathan L Tilly and Bo R Rueda

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:15

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  28. Content type: Research

    The response of Meishan conceptuses to an exogenous precursor for oestradiol-17β biosynthesis was investigated in vitro, to determine whether gestational age or morphological stage of development elicit changes i...

    Authors: Amanda R Pickard, Samuel J Miller and Cheryl J Ashworth

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:16

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  29. Content type: Research

    Estrogens play an important role in the regulation of placental function, and 17-beta-estradiol (E2) production rises eighty fold during human pregnancy. Although term placenta has been found to specifically b...

    Authors: Antonin Bukovsky, Maria Cekanova, Michael R Caudle, Jay Wimalasena, James S Foster, Donald C Henley and Robert F Elder

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:13

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  30. Content type: Research

    Prolactin (PRL) exerts pleiotropic physiological effects in various cells and tissues, and is mainly considered as a regulator of reproduction and cell growth. Null mutation of the PRL receptor (R) gene leads ...

    Authors: Isabelle Grosdemouge, Anne Bachelot, Aurélie Lucas, Nathalie Baran, Paul A Kelly and Nadine Binart

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:12

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  31. Content type: Research

    For the extrapolation of data obtained from experimental animals to the human situation, it is important to know the similarities and differences between human and animal species. Some important characteristic...

    Authors: S Batra, C Iosif, J Al-Hijji and I Larsson

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:10

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  32. Content type: Research

    In the mammalian ovary, great interest in the expression and function of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family has been recently generated from evidence of their critical role in determining folliculogen...

    Authors: Gregory F Erickson and Shunichi Shimasaki

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:9

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  33. Content type: Research

    The progesterone receptor (PR) and androgen receptor (AR) belong to the nuclear receptor superfamily. Two isoforms of PR (A and B) have been identified with different functions. The expression of AR, each isof...

    Authors: Hong Wang, Erika Isaksson, Bo von Schoultz, J Mark Cline and Lena Sahlin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:7

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  34. Content type: Research

    Several in vivo studies have reported the presence of immunoreactive transforming growth factor-β's (TGF-β's) in testicular cells at defined stages of their differentiation. The most pronounced changes in TGF-β1 ...

    Authors: Bart L Haagmans, Jos W Hoogerbrugge, Axel PN Themmen and Katja J Teerds

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:3

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  35. Content type: Research

    There is now considerable evidence for the involvement of K+ channels in nitric oxide (NO) induced relaxation of smooth muscles including the myometrium. In order to assess whether apamin-sensitive K+ channels pl...

    Authors: Beata Modzelewska, Anna Kostrzewska, Marek Sipowicz, Tomasz Kleszczewski and Satish Batra

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:8

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  36. Content type: Research

    In most mammals oogonia proliferate by mitosis and begin meiotic development during fetal life. Previous studies indicated that there is a delay in the progression to the first stage of meiotic arrest in germ ...

    Authors: William J Murdoch, Edward A Van Kirk, Kimberly A Vonnahme and Stephen P Ford

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:6

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  37. Content type: Research

    During mammalian testis development distinct generations of fetal and adult Leydig cells arise. Luteinising hormone (LH) is required for normal adult Leydig cell function and for the establishment of normal ad...

    Authors: PJ Baker, H Johnston, M Abel, HM Charlton and PJ O'Shaughnessy

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:4

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  38. Content type: Research

    The cell surface mucin MUC1 is expressed by endometrial epithelial cells with increased abundance in the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle, when it is found both at the apical cell surface and in secretio...

    Authors: Neil A Hey, Marcos Meseguer, Carlos Simón, Nechama I Smorodinsky, Daniel H Wreschner, María Elena Ortíz and John D Aplin

    Citation: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2003 1:2

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