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Table 2 Summary of studies assessing infertility treatment outcomes in Hispanic patients

From: A review of disparities in access to infertility care and treatment outcomes among Hispanic women

Authors Year Published Study Design Location Sample Size Outcomes/Highlighted Findings Study Limitations
Grainger et al. [6] 2004 Retrospective cohort study of SART 1999-2000 United States 68,512 No difference in clinical intrauterine gestation or live birth rates for Hispanic women compared to White women undergoing ART treatment Fewer cycles in Hispanic women than more recent studies; variability in clinic reporting of race/ethnicity data
Feinberg et al. [14] 2007 Retrospective chart review Washington D.C. 1,457 No significant difference between Hispanic and White ART patients for outcomes of clinical pregnancy rates, live birth rates, implantation rates, or spontaneous abortion rates (all p-values non-significant) Low number of Hispanic patients; specific military population
Fujimoto et al. [21] 2010 Retrospective cohort study of SART-CORS 2004-2006 United States 139,027 Hispanic women were 13% less likely than White women to have a live birth as their pregnancy outcome from ART (p=.005); Hispanic women were more likely to have preterm deliveries (p=.001) and low birth weight infants after ART treatment than White women (p<.0001) Variability in clinic reporting of race/ethnicity data; lack of BMI and socioeconomic status data
Shuler et al. [20] 2011 Retrospective chart review Texas 435 No differences were seen between Hispanic patients and non-Hispanic White patients for clinical intrauterine gestation rates or live birth rates (p=.59 and p=.27, respectively) Patients from single fertility center; lack of socioeconomic status data
McQueen et al. [23] 2015 Retrospective chart review Illinois 4,045 Hispanic women were more likely to have their IVF cycle cancelled than non-Hispanic White women (p=.001); Hispanic women had similar pregnancy outcomes to White women with similar clinical pregnancy rates (p=.50) spontaneous abortion rates (p=.97) and live birth rates (p=.48) Patients from single fertility center; lack of ability to control for confounders including embryo quality and comorbidities; lack of socioeconomic status data
Kotlyar, Simsek & Seifer [22] 2021 Retrospective cohort study of SART-CORS 2014-2016 United States 148,572 Hispanic women had lower cumulative live birth rates compared to non-Hispanic White women; odds ratio for live birth in Hispanic women without prior ART was 0.82 (95% CI 0.73-0.91, p<.001) and with prior ART was 0.87 (95% CI 0.77-0.99, p=.031) 39% of cycles lacked race/ethnicity data; lack of socioeconomic status data