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Table 3 Comparison of adverse fetal outcomes

From: Proteinuria may be an indicator of adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with preeclampsia: a retrospective study

  Non-PE PE p value Subgroupsc p value
A B C
Numbera 54 275 53 64 53
Adverse fetal outcomes (%) 13 (24.1) 124 (45.1) 0.004 16 (30.2) 19 (30.0) 36 (67.9) < 0.001
Induced labour (%) 2 (3.7) 19 (6.9) 0.378 1 (1.9) 4 (6.2) 10 (18.9) 0.006
Premature (<  37 week) 3 (5.6) 56 (20.4) 0.010 15 (28.3) 7 (10.9) 18 (34.0) 0.009
FGR (%) 0 24 (8.7) 0.024 3 (5.7) 5 (7.8) 6 (11.3) 0.563
Low birth weightb (%) 0 28 (10.2) 0.014 6 (11.3) 4 (6.2) 4 (7.5) 0.596
Oligohydramnios (%) 0 29 (10.5) 0.012 6 (11.3) 8 (12.5) 3 (5.7) 0.437
Stillbirth (%) 1 (1.9) 16 (5.8) 0.229 0 3 (4.7) 9 (17.0) 0.002
Neonatal asphyxia (%) 0 10 (3.6) 0.155 0 2 (3.1) 3 (5.7) 0.225
Neonatal hypoxic encephalopathy (%) 1 (1.9) 1 (0.4) 0.198 0 0 1 (1.9) 0.329
Fetal malformation (%) 2 (3.7) 2 (0.7) 0.068 1 (1.9) 0 1 (1.9) 0.043
Fetal distress (%) 4 (7.4) 23 (8.4) 0.815 1 (1.9) 4 (6.3) 5 (9.4) 0.253
Birth weight (g) 3157.46 ± 494.72 2878.16 ± 709.86 0.008 2872.02 ± 559.15 3010.25 ± 607.36 2444.76 ± 871.95 0.001
  1. Numbera: The number of multiple adverse pregnancy outcomes was counted according to the types of adverse pregnancy outcomes
  2. Low birth weightb: including light for date infant and premature low birth weight infants, FGR Fetal Growth Restriction; Subgroupsc: A: 24-h urinary protein < 0.3 g; B:24-h urinary protein 0.3 ~ 2 g; C:24-h urinary protein 2 g