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Table 1 Characteristics of included women

From: Proteinuria may be an indicator of adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with preeclampsia: a retrospective study

  Non-PE PE p value Subgroupsa p value
A B C
Number 54 275 53 64 53
Clinical characteristics
 Mean age (years) 27.61 ± 4.52 30.16 ± 5.53 <  0.001 31.70 ± 5.51 30.27 ± 6.00 31.28 ± 5.12 0.180
 Gestation week (weeks) 37.96 ± 3.71 36.65 ± 3.68 0.012 37.19 ± 2.20 37.31 ± 2.87 34.53 ± 4.19ab <  0.001
 Primipara (%) 35 (64.8) 146 (53.1) 0.113 25 (47.2) 38(59.4) 27(50.9) 0.395
 Multipara (%) 19 (35.2) 129 (46.9) 28 (52.8) 26 (40.6) 26 (49.1)
Mode of delivery
 Spontaneously (%) 38 (70.4) 24 (8.7) <  0.001 6 (13) 1 (1.7) 1 (2.4) 0.038
 Caesarean section (%) 14 (29.6) 232 (91.3) 46 (87) 59 (98.3) 42 (97.6)
Laboratory findings
 SBP (mmHg) 113.46 ± 9.67 146.34 ± 18.24 <  0.001 140.76 ± 14.23 143.67 ± 17.72 155.40 ± 19.53ab <  0.001
 DBP (mmHg) 70.5 ± 8.53 95.44 ± 13.68 <  0.001 91.30 ± 9.83 93.60 ± 13.10 104.15 ± 14.42ab <  0.001
 ALT (U/L) 14.58 ± 13.34 34.59 ± 64.46 <  0.001 37.79 ± 93.46 24.51 ± 25.83 43.62 ± 78.85 0.055
 AST (U/L) 18.37 ± 6.89 35.82 ± 49.85 <  0.001 35.70 ± 67.53 30.01 ± 40.16 43.63 ± 64.72 0.191
 Albumin (g/L) 37.44 ± 4.55 34.15 ± 4.92 <  0.001 36.63 ± 3.62 34.23 ± 4.38a 31.38 ± 4.52ab <  0.001
 Uric acid (μmol/L) 315.72 ± 67.35 424.38 ± 108.67 <  0.001 352.09 ± 82.85 419.66 ± 119.40a 460.14 ± 99.80a <  0.001
 Creatinine (μmol/L) 45.22 ± 6.23 62.53 ± 46.85 <  0.001 46.44 ± 8.46 58.53 ± 18.95 72.52 ± 41.09ab <  0.001
 Proteinuria (mg/24 h) 136.27 ± 89.39 884.29 ± 538.33 6246.13 ± 5099.54ab <  0.001
  1. ALT Alanine aminotransferasem, AST Aspartate aminotransferase, DBP Diastolic Blood Pressure; SBP: Systolic Blood Pressure; a: compared with A group, p <  0.05; b: compared with B group, p <  0.05
  2. Subgroupsa: A: 24-h urinary protein < 0.3 g; B:24-h urinary protein 0.3 ~ 2 g; C:24-h urinary protein 2 g