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Table 1 Comparison of the clinical characteristics, endocrinological variables of PCOS patients and controls

From: Correlation between steroid levels in follicular fluid and hormone synthesis related substances in its exosomes and embryo quality in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome

  Control (n = 10) PCOS (n = 10) P value
Age (year) 30.60 ± 1.06 30.40 ± 1.09 NS
BMI (kg/m2) 20.73 ± 0.95 20.84 ± 0.94 NS
Basal serum LH (mIU/mL) 5.40 ± 0.65 6.37 ± 1.14 NS
Basal serum FSH (mIU/mL) 7.56 ± 0.89 7.14 ± 0.59 NS
Basal serum E2 (pmol/mL) 451.99 ± 316.91 708.7 ± 363.77 NS
Basal serum T (ng/ mL) 0.54 ± 0.09 1.20 ± 0.13 0.001
Basal serum P (nmol/L) 0.63 ± 0.12 0.75 ± 0.12 NS
Number of oocytes retrieved 11.1 ± 1.36 19.2 ± 1.98 0.003
MII oocytes (%) 89.1 ± 1.99 72.4 ± 16.39 0.022
Rate of fertilization (%) 77.3 ± 3.92 69.9 ± 6.50 NS
Top-quality embryo (%) 63.5 ± 5.71 33.3 ± 2.88 0.001
Rate of embryos develop to blastocyst (%) 76.7 ± 8.51 23.1 ± 7.08 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, FF Follicular fluid, FSH Follicle stimulating hormone, LH Luteinizing hormone, E2 Estradiol, T Testosterone, PROG Progesterone, Ret. oocyte Number of oocytes retrieved, MII oocytes Number of metaphase II oocytes, NS Not significant. Data are expressed as mean ± SEM. Differences between groups were considered significant for p ≤ 0.05