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Table 2 Erectile dysfunction, psychological disorders, and quality of sexual life among infertile men

From: Prevalence and associated factors of erectile dysfunction, psychological disorders, and sexual performance in primary vs. secondary infertility men

  Total
(n = 387)
Primary infertility
(n = 258)
Secondary infertility
(n = 129)
P
Erectile dysfunction
 Severity of ED, n (%)     < 0.001
  Without ED 258 (66.7) 189 (73.3) 69 (53.5)  
  Mild 115 (29.7) 65 (25.2) 50 (38.8)  
  Moderate 11 (2.8) 3 (1.2) 8 (6.2)  
  Severe 3 (0.8) 1 (0.4) 2 (1.6)  
 IIEF-5 score, mean ± SD 21.2±3.9 21.7 ± 3.5 20.0 ± 4.6 < 0.001
 TOIF, n (%)     0.001
  Never appeared 270 (69.8) 191 (79.6) 79 (62.7)  
  < 50 % 70 (18.1) 38 (15.8) 32 (25.4)  
  ≥ 50 % 26 (6.7) 11 (4.6) 15 (11.9)  
 Partner ovulation, n (%)     0.570
  Known 366 (94.6) 240 (93.0) 126 (97.7)  
  Unknown 21 (5.4) 18 (7.0) 3 (2.3)
 People who know partner’s ovulation, n (%)     0.001
  Without ED 270 (74.0) 191 (79.6) 79 (62.7)  
  With ED 95 (26.0) 38 (15.8) 32 (25.4)
Psychological disorder
 PHQ-9 score, mean ± SD 5.5 ± 4.1 5.5 ± 4.2 5.5 ± 3.9 0.685
 Severity of depression, n (%)     0.621
  None 185 (47.8) 127 (49.2) 58 (45.0)  
  Mild 144 (37.2) 91 (35.3) 53 (41.1)  
  Confirmed diagnosis 58 (15.0) 40 (15.5) 18 (14.0)  
 GAD-7 score, mean ± SD 6.2 ± 3.8 6.8 ± 4.2 6.2 ± 3.8 0.016
 Severity of anxiety, n (%)     0.075
  None 152 (39.3) 96 (37.2) 56 (43.4)  
  Mild 100 (25.8) 63 (24.4) 37 (28.7)
  Confirmed diagnosis 135 (34.9) 99 (38.4) 36 (27.9)
Sexual life
 Sexual desire, n (%)     0.005
  Normal 229 (59.1) 167 (65.0) 62 (48.4)  
  General 110 (28.4) 66 (25.7) 44 (34.4)
  Low 46 (38.7) 24 (9.3) 22 (17.2)
 Intercourse frequency per month, mean ± SD 5.3 ± 2.1 5.6 ± 2.1 4.8 ± 2.0 0.001
 IELT (min), mean ± SD 5.9 ± 3.6 6.0 ± 3.5 5.7 ± 3.6 0.299
 Sexual satisfaction score, mean ± SD 5 (4–6) 6 (4–6) 5 (3–6) 0.027
  1. SD standard deviation, ED erectile dysfunction, IIEF-5 simplified International Index of Erectile Function, TOIF timely ovulation intercourse failure, IELT intra-vaginal ejaculation latency time, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9, GAD-7 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale