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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the study population

From: Experiencing earthquake in the first trimester of the fetal life increases subsequent diabetes risk in the adulthood: a cross-sectional study

  Exposure to earthquake Non-exposure to earthquake χ2 P
3rd trimester 2nd trimester 1st trimester
N 137 133 127 550   
Male gender, n(%) 125 (91.2) 116 (87.2) 107 (84.3) 476 (86.5) 3.135 0.375
Ethnicity, n(%)      1.208 0.751
 Han 136 (99.3) 130 (97.7) 125 (98.4) 539 (98.0)   
 Minorities 1 (0.7) 3 (2.3) 2 (1.6) 11 (2.0)   
Educational level, n(%)      8.628 0.196
  < 6 years 3 (2.2) 3 (2.3) 2 (1.6) 6 (1.1)   
 6–12 years 103 (75.7) 94 (70.7) 87 (69.6) 361 (65.6)   
  > 12 years 30 (22.1) 36 (27.1) 36 (28.8) 183 (33.3)   
Mean age, years 39.0 ± 0.2 38.7 ± 0.5 38 ± 0.3 37.5 ± 0.6 411.82 < 0.0001
Marital status      4.147 0.657
 Not married 3 (2.2) 2 (1.5) 2 (1.6) 3 (0.5)   
 Married 126 (93.6) 125 (94) 119 (93.7) 515 (93.6)   
 Divorce, remarriage and widowhood 8 (5.8) 6 (4.5) 6 (4.7) 32 (5.8)   
Occupation, n(%)      1.810 0.575
 Manual labor 111 (84.7) 112 (87.5) 101 (82.1) 438 (82.2)   
 Others 26 (15.3) 21 (12.5) 25 (17.9) 115 (17.8)   
Smoking history, n(%)      3.413 0.756
 Smoker 68 (49.6) 65 (49.2) 61 (48.8) 277 (50.9)   
 Former smoker 15 (10.9) 10 (7.6) 8 (6.4) 54 (9.9)   
 Non-smoker 54 (39.4) 57 (43.2) 56 (44.8) 213 (39.2)   
Drinking, n(%)      4.008 0.261
 No drinking 36 (26.3) 45 (33.8) 40 (31.5) 150 (27.3)   
 Light drinking 84 (61.3) 77 (57.9) 81 (63.8) 369 (67.1)   
 Heavy drinking 17 (12.4) 11 (8.3) 6 (4.7) 31 (5.6)   
Family loss in the earthquake, n(%) 65 (47.4) 62 (46.6) 247 (44.9) 55 (43.3) 0.585 0.900
Diabetes mellitus, n(%) 11 (8.0) 10 (7.5) 15 (11.8) 28 (5.1) 8.045 0.045