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Table 2 Concentrations of NEFAs in different metabolic diseases in animals

From: Non-esterified fatty acids in the ovary: friends or foes?

Cows 7 days pre-parturition Serum ~ 0.2 mM [17]
16 days post- parturition Serum 0.4–1.2 mM a
44 days post-parturition Serum 0.1–0.3 mM
Cows 16 days post- parturition Follicular Fluid 0.2–0.6 mM [17]
44 days post-parturition Follicular Fluid 0.1–0.3 mM a
Cows Control Follicular Fluid control level [7]
Fasting (4 days) Follicular Fluid higher level a
Cows Control Serum control level [7]
Fasting (4 days) Serum higher level a
Cows Cycling Plasma 0.21 ± 0.05 mM [18]
Inactive ovary Plasma 0.32 ± 0.12 mM a
Cows Cycling cows Blood 0.4 ± 0.1 (SEM) mM a [19]
Cystic ovarian cows Blood 0.7 ± 0.1 (SEM) mM
Ewes Pregnant Control Serum 0.65 mM [20]
Subclinical ketosis Serum 1.02 mM a
Ewes Lambed Control Serum 0.47 mM
Subclinical ketosis Serum 0.69 mM a
Ewes Lactating Control Serum 0.21 mM
Subclinical ketosis Serum 0.45 ± 0.03 (SD) mM a
Dog Lean dog Plasma 0.97 ± 0.09 (SEM) mM [21]
Obese dog Plasma 1.59 ± 0.12 (SEM) mM
  1. a, significantly different levels as indicated by authors; SD, standard deviation; SEM, standard error of the mean