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Fig. 3 | Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology

Fig. 3

From: The complex microbiome from native semen to embryo culture environment in human in vitro fertilization procedure

Fig. 3

Relative abundance of different bacterial phyla in microbial communities of different samples. Bar charts showing mean values of 4 most abundant phyla in semen, washed and incubated sperm and IVF culture solution. Others: Acidobacteria, Deinococcus Thermus, Fusobacteria, Chloroflexi, Synergistetes, Cyanobacteria, TM7 and Tenericutes. Phylum Firmicutes displayed the highest relative abundance in semen. The processed/washed sperm solution displayed more diverse composition of bacteria, in addition to Firmicutes also Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes displayed remarkable proportions. Almost half of the bacteria in incubated semen and in IVF culture media were represented by Proteobacteria

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