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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of groups with different adherence to MediDiet

From: Mediterranean diet improves embryo yield in IVF: a prospective cohort study

  Higher adherence (n = 228) Lower adherence (n = 362) P
Female age (yr) 31.67 ± 3.80 31.85 ± 3.68 0.633 a
Primary infertility 119 (51.19%) 194 (53.59%) 0.799 b
Cause of infertility, n (%)    0.235 b
 Male 42 (18.4%) 93(25.7%)  
 Female 85 (37.3%) 126 (34.8%)  
 Combined 83 (36.4%) 118 (22.6%)  
 Unknown 18 (7.9%) 25 (6.9%)  
Infertility duration (yr) 3.32 ± 2.36 3.49 ± 2.44 0.288 a
BMI (kg/m2) 21.09 ± 2.79 21.15 ± 2.71 0.581 a
Basal FSH (IU/L) 7.73 ± 2.63 7.98 ± 2.90 0.433 a
Basal LH (IU/L) 5.40 ± 3.68 5.44 ± 4.20 0.921 a
Basal E2 (pg/mL) 44.44 ± 28.67 43.53 ± 28.02 0.905 a
Basal P (ng/ml) 1.17 ± 4.52 0.92 ± 2.67 0.667 a
AFC 10.19 ± 5.98 10.01 ± 7.24 0.560 a
Male age (yr) 34.01 ± 4.93 34.20 ± 4.86 0.715 a
Sperm concentration (106/mL) 56.51 ± 38.98 60.03 ± 39.23 0.371 a
Total motile sperm (%) 61.65 ± 14.38 62.85 ± 14.69 0.381 a
  1. NOTE: Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or n (%); yr. = year; a Mann-Withney U test; b Chi-square test