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Table 1 Hormonal findings in exercising and sedentary women

From: Sport, doping and female fertility

Population Hormonal findings References
Sedentary women after aerobic exercise vs. baseline Impaired LH pulsatility
↓LH, ↓FSH
[5, 9]
Exercising vs. sedentary women Impaired LH pulsatility
N LH, N FSH, ↓↑PRL,
↓FT3, ↓FT4
↑GH, ↑ghrelin, ↓leptin
[10, 11, 14, 15]
Amenorrheic vs. cycling exercising women Impaired LH pulsatility
↓PRL
↓FT3, ↓FT4
↑GH, ↑ghrelin
[10,11,12,13,14,15]
  1. Abbreviations: FT3 free-triiodothyronine, FT4 free-thyroxin, FSH follicle-stimulating hormone, GH growth hormone, LH luteinizing hormone, N non-significantly different, PRL prolactin