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Table 4 Alterations in immunological profile relative to hCG-levels. MIP1a, IL-1ra, TNF alpha, MCP1, IL-6, TPO and TGF-beta1 were assessed in pg/ml, hCG in mIU/ml

From: Cytokines in relation to hCG are significantly altered in asymptomatic women with miscarriage – a pilot study

Ratio MIP1a (pg/ml)/
hCG (mIE/ml)
IL-1ra (pg/ml)/
hCG (mIE/ml)
TNF alpha(pg/ml)/
hCG (mIE/ml)
MCP1(pg/ml)/
hCG (mIE/ml)
IL-6 (pg/ml)/
hCG (mIE/ml)
TPO (pg/ml)/
hCG(mIE/ml)
TGF-beta1 (pg/ml)/
hCG(mIE/ml)
mean ± SEM (ongoing pregnancy) 0.16 ± 0.04 2.22 ± 0.72 0.02 ± 0.01 0.5 ± 0.16 0.007 ± 0.002 2.50 ± 0.70 68.04 ± 22.37
mean ± SEM (abortion) 1.02 ± 0.38 7.83 ± 2.30 0.07 ± 0.02 1.44 ± 0.40 0.016 ± 0.003 5.47 ± 1.31 149.35 ± 33.89
Ratio 0.15 0.28 0.29 0.35 0.44 0.45 0.45
p-value < 0.05 < 0.05 < 0.05 < 0.05 < 0.05 < 0.05 < 0.05