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Table 3 Significant alterations of relative immunological profile. GCSF, IL-1ra, MIP1a and TGF-beta were assessed in pg/ml

From: Cytokines in relation to hCG are significantly altered in asymptomatic women with miscarriage – a pilot study

Ratio GCSF/IL-1ra MIP1a /TGF-beta 1
mean ± SEM (ongoing pregnancy) 0.072 ± 0.009 0.004 ± 0.001
mean ± SEM (abortion) 0.043 ± 0.005 0.012 ± 0.005
Ratio 1.657 0.293
p-value < 0.05 < 0.05