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Table 1 Basal characteristics of the groups

From: Morning blood pressure surge and its relation to insulin resistance in patients of reproductive age with polycystic ovary syndrome

Variable\Group Control Group PCOS Group p
Age, year 27 (20–33) 27.5 (22–33) 0.383
BMI, kg/m2 22 (19–28) 24.1 (19.6–29.5) 0.001*
Insulin, pg/ml 8 (3.38–45.56) 18.9 (4.85–48.6) < 0.001*
Office systolic BP, mmHg 110.5 ± 9.5 120.5 ± 7.2 < 0.001*
Office diastolic BP, mmHg 72.6 ± 6.2 73.4 ± 5.4 0.478
HOMA-IR 1.75 (0.68–9.54) 4.27 (1.04–9.36) < 0.001*
Creatinine, mg/dl 0.7 (0.6–0.9) 0.8 (0.6–0.9) 0.135
Total Cholesterol, mg/dl 169 ± 24 175 ± 23 0.224
Triglyceride, mg/dl 123 (81–210) 156 (68–247) 0.044*
HDL-C, mg/dl 52 (34–65) 45.5 (33–66) 0.004*
LDL-C, mg/dl 90 ± 30 100 ± 20 0.044*
Insulin resistance, n (%) 22 (30) 29 (76) < 0.001*
  1. BP Blood pressure, BMI Body mass index, HOMA-IR The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, HDL-C High density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C Low density lipoprotein cholesterol, PCOS Polycystic ovary syndrome. Age, insulin, HOMA-IR, creatinine, and triglyceride were presented as median (maximum-minimum), total cholesterol, LDL-C, were presented as mean standard ± deviation. * indicated a significant difference between controls and patients with polycystic ovary syndrome