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Table 2 Metabolic measures at 5-year follow-up, during fasting and 2-h OGTT, after 75 g glucose overload

From: Evolution of metabolic alterations 5 Years after early puberty in a cohort of girls predisposed to polycystic ovary syndrome

  Controls (n = 8) PCOSr (n = 8)
  Fasting 2 h Fasting 2 h
Glucose (mmol/l) 5.0 (4.6–5.3) 5.7 (5.1–7.3) 4.6 (4.4–4.8) 5.8 (5.3–6.8)
Insulin (pmol/l) 70 (38–109) 290 (114–506) 65 (32–75) 361 (239–643)
NEFA (μEq/L) 395 (234–616) 25 (17–41) 582 (391–661) 11 (4–14)a
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.2 (0.7–1.6) - 0.7 (0.6–0.9) -
Total adiponectin (mg/l) 9.8 (6.9–12.2) 10.4 (6.9–13.6) 10.7 (8.5–15.4) 11.8 (8.7–15.7)
Leptin (μg/l) 8.4 (2.9–14.3) 7.5 (2.5–17.6) 8.6 (4.4–15.4) 6.1 (3.6–21.6)
  1. Values are expressed as median (25th–75th percentiles) and compared between groups with Mann-Whitney test
  2. aSignificant difference between groups, p value = 0.003
  3. To convert values for glucose to mg/dL, multiply by 18; for insulin to μU/mL, multiply by 0.17; for triglycerides to mg/dL, multiply by 88.50
  4. NEFA Non-esterified fatty acids