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Table 1 Clinical and anthropometric characteristics at 5-year follow-up in controls and PCOSr girls

From: Evolution of metabolic alterations 5 Years after early puberty in a cohort of girls predisposed to polycystic ovary syndrome

  Controls (n = 8) PCOSr (n = 8)
Age (years) 17.6 (14.6–20.2) 17.5 (14.4–20.1)
Duration of follow-up (years) 5.4 (5.3–6.0) 5.6 (4.6–6.6)
Tanner stage ≥4 (n, %)a 8 (100.0) 7 (87.5)
FG score > 8 (n, %) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Post-menarche (n, %) 7 (87.5) 7 (87.5)
Hormonal contraceptives (n, %) 3 (37.5) 3 (37.5)
Weight (kg) 57.4 (45.7–77.6) 58.5 (54.2–73.9)
BMI (kg/m2) 22.4 (19.1–27.8) 22.7 (21.5–30.8)
BMI Z-score 0.26 (−0.96–1.52) 0.63 (0.02–1.71)
Obese (n, %) 2 (25) 2 (25)
Fat percentage (%) 27.6 (13.4–37.9) 29.0 (24.1–35.4)
Waist circumference Z-score −0.98 (−1.50–0.50) −0.38 (−1.25 – −0.38)
WHtR Z-score −0.88 (−1.06–0.54) −0.41 (−1.04–0.57)
  1. Continuous values are expressed as median (25th–75th percentile) and compared with Mann-Whitney test
  2. Categorical values are expressed as n (%) and compared with Chi-Square or Fisher’s exact test
  3. BMI Body mass index, WHtR Ratio of waist circumference (cm) to height (cm);
  4. FG score Ferriman-Gallwey score
  5. aTanner stage according to the highest score of its three components: pubic hair, axillary hair and breast development
  6. There were no significant differences between groups according to p values >0.05