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Table 5 The cooling and warming rates in the KVS and the control device calculated using a thermal transfer-based simulation method

From: Efficient vitrification of mouse embryos using the Kitasato Vitrification System as a novel vitrification device

Device Cooling rate
(°C/min)
Warming rate
(°C/min)
KVS 683,000 612,000
Control device 26,000 25,000
  1. KVS Kitasato Vitrification System