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Table 2 Standard characteristics of semen in the 2 groupsa

From: Males with low serum levels of vitamin D have lower pregnancy rates when ovulation induction and timed intercourse are used as a treatment for infertile couples: results from a pilot study

  GROUP 1 GROUP 2 P Value
Normal Vit D Low Vit D
Serum Vit. D (ng/ml) 34.2 ± 3.38 18.4 ± 5.82 p < 0.001
Sperm concentration (x 106/mL) 16.9 ± 2.41 16.1 ± 2.40 n.s.
Sperm progressive motility (%) 40.3 ± 2.99 39.7 ± 3.4 n.s.
Typical forms (%) 5.03 ± 0.99 5.11 ± 0.94 n.s.
  1. aValues are mean ± SD