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Table 2 Infant characteristics

From: Cord blood adipokines, neonatal anthropometrics and postnatal growth in offspring of Hispanic and Native American women with diabetes mellitus

  Control-O DM-O p-value
Birth    
N 79 45 --
Female/Male 43/36 22/23 0.55
Gestational age (wks) 39.6 ± 0.9 38.9 ± 0.6 <0.0001
Vaginal/C-section Delivery 55/24 31/14 0.93
Weight (kg) 3.4 ± 0.4 3.7 ± 0.6 0.024
Length (cm) 50.1 ± 2.0 49.9 ± 3.0 0.66
Sum of skinfolds (mm) 20.5 ± 4.6 21.6 ± 5.5 0.27
Cord leptin (ng/ml) 9.5 ± 9.9 20.1 ± 14.9 <0.0001
Cord HMWA (ug/ml) 18.2 ± 7.9 16.0 ± 10.4 0.24
Cord PEDF (ug/ml) 3.8 ± 1.4 3.9 ± 1.6 0.78
Cord C-peptide (ng/ml) 0.8 ± 0.5 0.8 ± 0.6 0.91
1-month    
N 53 36  
Female/Male 29/24 18/18 0.66
Age at testing (d) 35 ± 5 34 ± 5 0.27
Weight (kg) 4.5 ± 0.5 4.7 ± 0.7 0.14
Length (cm) 53.9 ± 2.4 54.1 ± 2.3 0.73
Sum of skinfolds (mm) 37.4 ± 5.8 38.4 ± 8.2 0.54
Total fat by DXA (%) 24.1 ± 3.1 25.1 ± 2.7 0.12
Trunk fat by DXA (%) 17.0 ± 3.5 17.7 ± 3.1 0.34
Limb fat by DXA (%) 38.1 ± 4.9 39.6 ± 4.0 0.13
Change from birth to 1-month    
delta Weight (kg) 1.0 ± 0.4 1.0 ± 0.5 0.75
delta Sum of skinfolds (mm) 16.2 ± 6.1 16.6 ± 6.9 0.79
  1. (mean ± SD)