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Table 2 Demographic and obstetric characteristics of primiparous women by treatment group

From: Comparison between amniotomy, oxytocin or both for augmentation of labor in prolonged latent phase: a randomized controlled trial

  Group 1 (Amniotomy) Group 2 (Oxytocin) Group 3 (Amniotomy and Oxytocin) Group 4 (Control)  
Obstetric and demographic data N = 21 N = 20 N = 16 N = 23 p
Intra-partum fever 3 (14) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.03
Antibiotics use 3 (14) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.03
Epidural use 12 (57) 8 (40) 7 (44) 11 (48) 0.7
Fetal scalp pH 1 (5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.7
Vaginal examinations 8.2 ± 3.5 (7)a 6.4 ± 1.8 (6) 5.1 ± 1.2 (5) 6.7 ± 2.0 (7) 0.009
Fetal Scalp electrode 7(33) 2 (10) 4 (25) 7 (30) 0.3
Intra-uterine pressure catheter 4 (19) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.008
Time from enrollment until delivery, min 629 ± 338 (545)a 590 ± 367 (444) 420 ± 319 (363) 740 ± 294 (689)a 0.005
Duration of the first stage of labor, min 555 ± 307 (506)a 533 ± 359 (409)a 351 ± 327 (253) 651 ± 391 (580)a 0.003
Time from enrollment until the beginning of the active phase, min 339 ± 349 (298)a 426 ± 372 (303)a 206 ± 298 (105) 435 ± 305 (370)a 0.009
Duration of the active phase, min 216 ± 161 (153) 114 ± 54 (119)b 139 ± 84 (140) 205 ± 104 (178) 0.01
Duration of the second stage, min 75 ± 64 (51) 57 ± 65 (32) 69 ± 49 (50) 89 ± 66 (86) 0.4
Delivery mode      0.5
Spontaneous vaginal 16 (76) 17 (85) 14 (88) 22 (96) ----
Vacuum 3 (14) 2 (10) 2 (13) 1 (4) ---
Cesarean 2 (10) 1 (5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.4
Vacuum or cesarean 5 (24) 3 (15) 2 (13) 1 (4) 0.3
Early post partum hemorrhage 0 (0.0) 1 (5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.5
Post-partum fever 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) ----
Women satisfaction 4.4 ± 0.9 (5) 4.4 ± 0.7 (4)b 4.8 ± 0.5 (5) 5.0 ± 0.2 (5) 0.002
Birthweight, gr 3266 ± 487 (3334) 3257 ± 297 (3314) 3480 ± 385 (3428) 3337 ± 424 (3298) 0.4
Apgar score at 5 min 10.0 ± 0.2 10.0 ± 0.2 9.9 ± 0.2 9.9 ± 0.4 1.0
  1. Data are mean + standard deviation (median) or n (%) unless otherwise specified.
  2. a, statistical difference (p < 0.05) was found when compared with group 3 after post hoc testing;
  3. b, statistical difference (p < 0.05) was found when compared with group 4 after post hoc testing.