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Table 3 Population characteristics according to maternal plasma cholesterol levels at delivery and association with plasma ApoD levels.

From: Modulation of Apolipoprotein D levels in human pregnancy and association with gestational weight gain

  LC n = 38 HC n = 29
  Mean ± SEM r Mean ± SEM r
Mother age (years) 30.40± 0.78 0.282 *** 31.70± 0.91 -0.055
Gestational age (weeks) 39.30± 0.25 0.100 39.50± 0.23 -0.066
BMI (kg/m2) 22.68± 0.33 0.086 23.26± 0.68 0.175
GWG (kg) 14.26± 0.43 -0.321 *** 12.16± 0.47 † *** -0.054
Newborn weight (g) 3452.43± 83.90 -0.329 3389.27± 67.13 0.398 *
Newborn height (cm) 51.86± 0.39 0.114 51.77± 0.40 0.009
Cord blood ApoD (mg/L) 59.17± 13.31 -0.005 59.33± 11.57 0.490
Total cholesterol (mM) 5.95± 0.13 † -0.533 *** 9.08± 0.17 † *** 0.023
LDL-cholesterol (mM) 2.94± 0.12 † 0.314 *** 5.65± 0.18 † *** -0.040
HDL-cholesterol (mM) 1.75± 0.09 -0.215 *** 1.79± 0.10 0.063
Triglycerides (mM) 2.76± 0.18 -0.178 3.59± 0.18 † *** -0.033
Free fatty acids (mmol/L) 0.51± 0.06 -0.268 *** 0.63± 0.08 -0.310 ***
ApoA-I (g/L) 2.09± 0.06 -0.422 *** 2.24± 0.08 * 0.028
ApoB-100 (mg/L) 1.18± 0.04 † -0.413 *** 1.82± 0.04 † *** 0.071
ApoD (mg/L) 57.69± 14.16   63.05± 11.54  
  1. LC: low cholesterol; HC: high cholesterol. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001 compared to the LC group. † p < 0.001 compared to the control group (BMI 20-26 kg/m2, GWG 11-18 kg). Pearson correlations (r) are significant at * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001. Significant Pearson correlations are indicated in bold.