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Table 2 Association of maternal plasma ApoD levels with clinical and biochemical characteristics at delivery in relation to GWG.

From: Modulation of Apolipoprotein D levels in human pregnancy and association with gestational weight gain

  GWG < 11 kg n = 57 GWG 11-18 kg n = 80 GWG > 18 kg n = 14
  Mean ± SEM r Mean ± SEM r Mean ± SEM r
Mother age (years) 31.70 ± 0.62 ††† 0.098 30.37 ± 0.45 0.085 29.63 ± 1.07 0.241 ***
Gestational age (weeks) 38.96 ± 0.17 ††† -0.065 39.40 ± 0.14 0.137 39.32 ± 0.37 -0.414 ***
BMI (kg/m2) 25.39 ± 0.61 ††† -0.077 23.65 ± 0.37 -0.044 24.37± 1.59 0.232 ***
GWG (kg) 8.08 ± 0.30 ††† 0.303 *** 14.16 ± 0.21 -0.172 22.75 ± 2.56 ††† -0.365 ***
Newborn weight (g) 3256.96 ± 53.01 ††† -0.300 ** 3411.22 ± 48.54 0.126 3407.16 ± 114.40 -0.552
Newborn height (cm) 51.02 ± 0.28 -0.166 51.55 ± 0.22 0.107 52.00 ± 0.54 -0.559 ***
Cord blood ApoD (mg/L) 54.43 ± 8.01 0.169 65.65 ± 9.35 0.135 28.04 ± 7.14 ††† -0.080
Total cholesterol (mM) 6.75 ± 0.21 0.039 7.04 ± 0.15 -0.153 6.25 ± 0.25 ††† -0.563 **
LDL-cholesterol (mM) 3.67 ± 0.17 0.035 3.90 ± 0.14 -0.094 3.28 ± 0.20 ††† -0.724 **
HDL-cholesterol (mM) 1.76 ± 0.06 0.171 1.81 ± 0.05 -0.145 1.61 ± 0.14 †† -0.598 **
Triglycerides (mM) 2.88 ± 0.14 -0.124 2.94 ± 0.10 -0.085 2.95 ± 0.34 0.631 **
Free fatty acids (mmol/L) 0.66 ± 0.05 -0.107 0.65 ± 0.04 -0.175 0.60 ± 0.06 -0.358 **
ApoA-I (g/L) 2.12 ± 0.05 -0.003 2.14 ± 0.04 -0.215 *** 2.04 ± 0.09 -0.554 **
ApoB-100 (mg/L) 1.31 ± 0.05 0.027 1.40 ± 0.04 -0.165 1.27 ± 0.05 ††† -0.243 **
ApoD (mg/L) 77.63 ± 13.32   59.44 ± 7.52   31.75 ± 7.59 †††  
  1. † p < 0.05, †† p < 0.01, ††† p < 0.001 compared to the GWG 11-18 kg group. Pearson correlations (r) are significant at * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001. Significant Pearson correlations are indicated in bold.