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Table 1 Mean ± SD of semen quality of fresh, chilled and frozen-thawed samples.

From: Successful artificial insemination in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) using chilled and frozen-thawed semen

  Semen samples
Parameters Fresh Chilled Frozen
   Day 1 Day 2 Day 2  
Volume (ml) 31.0 ± 31.3 - - - -
pH 7.6 ± 0.7 - - - -
Concent. (×106/ml) 887.6 ± 487.1 208.0 208.0 208.0 100.0
Motility (%) 82.7 ± 3.6 80.0 ± 35.0 60.0 ± 24.0 50.0 ± 15.0 45.5 ± 14.2
Viable sperm (%) 76.8 ± 14.4 71.5 ± 21.3 33.3 ± 10.2 20.0 ± 8.4 50.9 ± 13.6