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Table 2 Describing differences in semen parameters, ROS, and DNA damage between the 3 groups of patients

From: Reactive oxygen species and sperm DNA damage in infertile men presenting with low level leukocytospermia

  Leukocytospermia (× 106WBC/mL)
None 0.1–1 million >1 million P
Leukocytes (× 106 wbc/mL semen) 0.0 ± 0.01 0.54 ± 0.22a 3.78 ± 3.08a,b P < 0.01
Concentration (× 106/mL) 53.04 ± 56.76 69.04 ± 80.72 39.35 ± 39.98 0.97
Motility (%) 48.37 ± 17.42 47.33 ± 25.74 49.23 ± 19.56 0.8
Normal morphology (%) 3.42 ± 3.12 3.56 ± 3.16 4.14 ± 3.79 0.3
ROS (RLU/ sec) 116.7 944.8 61286.8 <0.001
(49; 550.3) (127; 3315.4)a (6905; 234876)a,b
DNA damage (%) 19.89 ± 17.31 26.47 ± 19.64a 24.60 ± 17.47 0.038
  1. The results are presented as mean ± SD for all the parameters except ROS which is presented as median (25th; 75th percentile).
  2. aP <0.05 statistically significant compared to non-leukocytospermic group.
  3. bP <0.05 statistically significant compared to low-level leukocytospermic group.