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Table 1 Asherman syndrome: summary of risk factors

From: The management of Asherman syndrome: a review of literature

Risk factors Frequency References
Miscarriage curettage 66.7% (1237/1856) Schenker and Margalioth 1982 [5]
Postpartum curettage 21.5% (400/1856) Schenker and Margalioth 1982 [5]
Caesarean section 2% (38/1856) Schenker and Margalioth 1982 [5]
Trophoblastic disease evacuation 0.6% (11/1856) Schenker and Margalioth 1982 [5]
Mullerian duct malformation 16% (7/43) Stillman and Asarkof 1985 [11]
Infection (Genital tuberculosis) 4% (74/1856) Schenker and Margalioth 1982 [5]
Diagnostic curettage 1.6% (30/1856) Schenker and Margalioth 1982 [5]
Abdominal myomectomy 1.3% (24/1856) Schenker and Margalioth 1982 [5]
Uterine artery embolization 14 (7/51) Mara et al. 2007 [12]
Hysteroscopic surgery:
 • metroplasty 6% (1/15) Taskin et al. 2000 [13]
 • myomectomy (single myoma) 31.3% (10/32) Taskin et al. 2000 [13]
 • myomectomy (multiple myomas) 45.5% (9/20) Taskin et al. 2000 [13]
 • endometrial ablation 36.4% (8/22) Leung et al. 2003 [14]
Insertion of IUD 0.2% (3/1856) Schenker and Margalioth 1982 [5]
Uterine compressive sutures for post-partum haemorrhage 18.5% (5/27) Ibrahim et al. 2013 [15]